Word naming slows picture naming but does not affect cumulative semantic interference

Article


Vitkovitch, M., Batool Ghadiri, Tahira and Hersi, Falis 2019. Word naming slows picture naming but does not affect cumulative semantic interference. Acta Psychologica. 195, pp. 30-38.
AuthorsVitkovitch, M., Batool Ghadiri, Tahira and Hersi, Falis
Abstract

Two experiments are reported which investigate the effect of processing words prior to naming target pictures. In Experiment 1, participants named (read aloud) sequences of five printed prime words and five target pictures from the same semantic category, and also sequences of five prime words from a different unrelated semantic category to the five related target pictures. Picture and words were interleaved, with two unrelated filler stimuli in between prime and target stimuli (i.e. a lag of 3 between primes and targets). Results showed that across the five target picture naming trials (i.e. across ordinal position of picture), picture naming times increased linearly, replicating the cumulative semantic interference (CSI) effect (e.g., Howard, Nickels, Coltheart, & Cole-Virtue, 2006). Related prime words slowed picture naming, replicating the effects found in paired word prime and picture target studies (e.g., Tree & Hirsh, 2003). However, the naming of the five related prime words did not modify the picture naming CSI effect, with this null result converging with findings from a different word and picture design (e.g., Navarrete, Mahon, & Caramazza, 2010). In Experiment 2, participants categorised the prime word stimuli as manmade versus natural, so that words were more fully processed at a conceptual level. The interaction between word prime relatedness and ordinal position of the named target picture was significant. These results are consistent with adjustments at the conceptual level (Belke, 2013; Roelofs, 2018) which last over several trials at least. By contrast, we conclude that the distinct word-to-picture naming interference effect from Experiment 1 must originate outside of the conceptual level and outside of the mappings between semantics and lexical representations. We discuss the results with reference to recent theoretical accounts of the CSI picture naming effect and word naming models.

JournalActa Psychologica
Journal citation195, pp. 30-38
ISSN0001-6918
Year2019
PublisherElsevier
Accepted author manuscript
License
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1016/j.actpsy.2019.01.011
Web address (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2019.01.011
Publication dates
Online12 Mar 2019
Publication process dates
Deposited12 Mar 2019
Accepted22 Jan 2019
Accepted22 Jan 2019
Copyright information© 2019 Elsevier
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Accepted author manuscript

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Semantic priming over unrelated trials: evidence for different effects in word and picture naming
Vitkovitch, M., Cooper-Pye, Elisa and Leadbetter, A. 2006. Semantic priming over unrelated trials: evidence for different effects in word and picture naming. Memory and Cognition. 34 (3), pp. 715-725.