National and supranational identities and ingroup-outgroup attitudes of Hungarian adolescents

Article


Lam, V. and Katona, Zsuzsanna 2017. National and supranational identities and ingroup-outgroup attitudes of Hungarian adolescents. European Journal of Developmental Psychology. 15 (1), pp. 115-130.
AuthorsLam, V. and Katona, Zsuzsanna
Abstract

Although there is an extensive literature on children’s national identities and attitudes, relatively less research in this area has come from beyond Western Europe. This study examined Hungarian adolescents’ national/Hungarian and supranational/European identities and attitudes towards the ingroup and outgroups. One hundred and sixty-six adolescents aged 13–18 years completed measures on relative importance of self-descriptors, strength of identification, and affect for, and trait attributions to, Hungarians and three salient outgroups (Romanians, Russians and Americans). Socioeconomic status (SES) was measured by the Family Affluence Scale. Results showed that Hungarian was the most important self-descriptor compared with gender, age and European, but clear age, gender and SES variations were identified. 13–15 year-olds reported stronger European identification than 16–18 year-olds. Lower- to middle-SES, but not higher-SES, adolescents showed stronger Hungarian vs. European identification. Lower-SES adolescents liked all outgroups less than Hungarians, but middle- and higher-SES ones liked Hungarians and Americans more than Russians and Romanians. Still, Romanians were stereotyped less positively than all other outgroups regardless of socio-demographics. These findings are discussed drawing on social-psychological and developmental literature alongside Hungary’s sociohistorical backdrop. Despite Hungary’s ethnic homogeneity, its young's national identities and attitudes can vary due to differing experiences related to socio-demographic backgrounds.

JournalEuropean Journal of Developmental Psychology
Journal citation15 (1), pp. 115-130
ISSN1740-5629
Year2017
PublisherTaylor & Francis
Accepted author manuscript
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1080/17405629.2017.1333421
Web address (URL)https://doi.org/10.1080/17405629.2017.1333421
Publication dates
Print01 Jun 2017
Publication process dates
Deposited09 Nov 2017
Accepted17 May 2017
Accepted17 May 2017
Copyright information© 2017 Taylor & Francis. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in European Journal of Developmental Psychology on 01.06.17, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/17405629.2017.1333421
LicenseAll rights reserved (under embargo)
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