Selected static foot assessments do not predict medial longitudinal arch motion during running

Article


Langley, Ben, Cramp, Mary and Morrison, Stewart C. 2015. Selected static foot assessments do not predict medial longitudinal arch motion during running. Journal of Foot and Ankle Research. 8 (1).
AuthorsLangley, Ben, Cramp, Mary and Morrison, Stewart C.
Abstract

Background: Static assessments of the foot are commonly advocated within the running community to classify the
foot with a view to recommending the appropriate type of running shoe. The aim of this work was to determine
whether selected static foot assessment could predict medial longitudinal arch (MLA) motion during running.
Methods: Fifteen physically active males (27 ± 5 years, 1.77 ± 0.04 m, 80 ± 10 kg) participated in the study. Foot
Posture Index (FPI-6), MLA angle and rearfoot angle were measured in a relaxed standing position. MLA motion was
calculated using the position of retro-reflective markers tracked by a VICON motion analysis system, while participants
ran barefoot on a treadmill at a self-selected pace (2.8 ± 0.5 m.s−1). Bivariate linear regression was used to determine
whether the static measures predicted MLA deformation and MLA angles at initial contact, midsupport and toe off.
Results: All three foot classification measures were significant predictors of MLA angle at initial contact, midsupport
and toe off (p < .05) explaining 41–90 % of the variance. None of the static foot classification measures were significant
predictors of MLA deformation during the stance phase of running.
Conclusion: Selected static foot measures did not predict dynamic MLA deformation during running. Given that MLA
deformation has theoretically been linked to running injuries, the clinical relevance of predicting MLA angle at discrete
time points during the stance phase of running is questioned. These findings also question the validity of the selected
static foot classification measures when looking to characterise the foot during running. This indicates that alternative
means of assessing the foot to inform footwear selection are required.

JournalJournal of Foot and Ankle Research
Journal citation8 (1)
ISSN1757-1146
Year2015
PublisherBioMed Central
Publisher's version
License
CC BY
Supplemental file
License
CC BY
Web address (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-015-0113-6
Publication dates
Print12 Oct 2015
Publication process dates
Deposited20 Oct 2015
Accepted04 Oct 2015
Copyright information© 2015 Langley, et. al.
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