Basic psychological need satisfaction from the perspective of permanently excluded children and young people: An exploratory study

Prof Doc Thesis


Wilson, Matthew 2014. Basic psychological need satisfaction from the perspective of permanently excluded children and young people: An exploratory study. Prof Doc Thesis University of East London School of Psychology
AuthorsWilson, Matthew
TypeProf Doc Thesis
Abstract

This thesis explores the experiences of permanently excluded children and young people (CYP) from the perspective of Self-Determination Theory (SDT) and the concept of the Basic Psychological Needs (BPNs). CYP who had experienced permanent exclusion from school were interviewed in order to explore how their BPN for Autonomy, Competence and Relatedness were perceived to have been satisfied or limited across three contexts: previous mainstream provision, current provision and outside of school. A thematic analysis of transcribed interview data was conducted and the role of BPN satisfaction in relation to the experience of permanent
exclusion was explored. The experiences and perspectives expressed by participants suggested a range of social-contextual supports and limitations for BPNs across contexts. In line with
existing SDT-based research, the findings suggest that participants’ experiences of reduced engagement, motivation, performance and well-being were associated with situations, events and relationships which were perceived to be limiting to BPNs.
Where BPNs were perceived to have been supported, participants’ responses
indicated increased engagement, autonomous motivation, performance and wellbeing.
The researcher suggests that further research into the BPN satisfaction in schools is needed, including further qualitative exploration of the experiences of our most vulnerable and hard to reach CYP. Possible implications for teacher training, school management and the delivery of Educational Psychology (EP) services are discussed.

Year2014
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.15123/PUB.3933
Publication dates
PrintMar 2014
Publication process dates
Deposited27 Oct 2014
Publisher's version
License
CC BY-NC-ND
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https://repository.uel.ac.uk/item/85q9q

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