Mind the gap in mindfulness research: A comparative account of the leading schools of thought.

Article


Hart, Rona, Ivtzan, I. and Hart, Dan 2013. Mind the gap in mindfulness research: A comparative account of the leading schools of thought. Review of General Psychology. 17 (4), pp. 453-466.
AuthorsHart, Rona, Ivtzan, I. and Hart, Dan
Abstract

The literature on mindfulness has been dominated by the two leading schools of thought: one advanced by Langer and her colleagues the other developed by Kabat-Zinn and his associates. Curiously, the two strands of research have been running in parallel lines for more than 30 years, scarcely addressing each others’ work, and with hardly any attempt to clarify the relationship between them. In view of this gap, this paper aims to systematically compare and contrast the two lines of research.
The comparison between the two schools of thought suggests that while there are some similarities in their definitions of mindfulness, they differ in several core aspects: their philosophies, the components of their constructs, their goals, their theoretical scope, their measurement tools, their conceptual focus, their target audiences, the interventions they employ, the mechanisms underlying these interventions, and the outcomes of their interventions. However, the analysis also revealed that self-regulation is a core mechanism in both perspectives, which seems to mediate the impact of their interventions.
In view of the differences between the two strands of research, we propose that they would be given different titles that capture their prime features. We suggest ‘creative-mindfulness’ for Langer and her colleagues’ scholarship, and ‘meditative-mindfulness’ for Kabat-Zinn and his associates’ scholarly work.

JournalReview of General Psychology
Journal citation17 (4), pp. 453-466
ISSN1939-1552
1089-2680
Year2013
PublisherAPA
Accepted author manuscript
License
CC BY-ND
Web address (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0035212
Publication dates
Print30 Dec 2013
Publication process dates
Deposited21 Jan 2014
Copyright information(c) APA 2013. This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record.
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https://repository.uel.ac.uk/item/85v79

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