Foot loading patterns in normal weight, overweight and obese children aged 7 to 11 years
Cousins, Stephen D, Morrison, S. and Drechsler, W. 2013. Foot loading patterns in normal weight, overweight and obese children aged 7 to 11 years. Journal of Foot and Ankle Research. 6 (1), p. 36.
|Authors||Cousins, Stephen D, Morrison, S. and Drechsler, W.|
Background: Childhood obesity is thought to predispose to structural foot changes and altered foot function. Little is currently understood about whether similar changes occur in overweight children. The aim of this study was determine foot loading characteristics in obese, overweight and normal weight children aged 7 to 11 years during level walking.
Results: Children who were obese and overweight demonstrated significantly (p<0.05) higher peak pressures and peak forces as well as significantly higher force-time and pressure–time integrals under the midfoot and 2nd-5th metatarsal regions. After normalisation of peak force, similar trends existed where the obese and overweight children demonstrated significantly (p<0.05) greater loading at the midfoot and 2nd-5th metatarsals.
Conclusion: Findings from this study indicated that overweight children, as young as seven, displayed differences in foot loading during walking, when compared with normal weight children. These findings were consistent with loading patterns of children who were obese and suggest that early assessment and intervention may be required in overweight children to mitigate against the development of musculoskeletal complications associated with excessive body mass.
|Journal||Journal of Foot and Ankle Research|
|Journal citation||6 (1), p. 36|
|Web address (URL)||http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1757-1146-6-36|
|28 Aug 2013|
|Publication process dates|
|Deposited||18 Sep 2013|
|Copyright information||© 2013 Cousins et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.|
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