Contesting "Le corps militaire": Antimilitarism, Pacificism, Anarcho-Communism and 'Le Douanier' Rousseau's La Guerre
Brauer, F. 2012. Contesting "Le corps militaire": Antimilitarism, Pacificism, Anarcho-Communism and 'Le Douanier' Rousseau's La Guerre. RIHA Journal.
When the 1889 Military Law was passed, it established three-year universal conscriptionand a greater army of citizens to boost military preparedness for war in French coloniesand against Germany. Far from its ramifications being of no concern to neo-impressionists, it was the subject of bightingly bitter antimilitarist cartoons byMaximilien Luce and antimilitarist paintings by the neo-impressionist outsider, 'Ledouanier' Rousseau. Far from picturing the patriotic honor of becoming a soldier and thevictories of war, as did Edouard Detaille, Rousseau did the opposite. In the heat ofmilitary slaughter of families at Fourmies, Rousseau revealed how conscription wouldtransform French citizens into le corps militaire to fight not just against their arch-enemy with machine-like precision but against their very own people
|Publisher||RIHA – International Association of Research Institutes in the History of Art|
|Web address (URL)||http://www.riha-journal.org/articles/2012/2012-jul-sep/special-issue-neo-impressionism/brauer-contesting-le-corps-militaire/|
|24 Jul 2012|
|Publication process dates|
|Deposited||08 Dec 2014|
|Copyright information||© The author. This article is provided under the terms of the Creative Commons License CC-BY-NC-ND 3.0.|
This article is part of the Special Issue "New Directions in Neo-Impressionism." The issue is guest-edited by Tania Woloshyn and Anne Dymond in cooperation with Regina Wenninger and Anne-Laure Brisac-Chraïbi from RIHA Journal. External peer reviewers for this Special Issue were Hollis Clayson, André Dombrowski, Chantal Georgel, Catherine Meneux, Robyn Roslak, and Michael Zimmermann.
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