Computer-Aided Design of Customized Foot Orthoses: Reproducibility and Effect of Method Used to Obtain Foot Shape

Article


Telfer, Scott, Gibson, Kellie S., Hennessy, Kym, Steultjens, Martijn P. and Woodburn, Jim 2012. Computer-Aided Design of Customized Foot Orthoses: Reproducibility and Effect of Method Used to Obtain Foot Shape. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 93 (5), pp. 863-870.
AuthorsTelfer, Scott, Gibson, Kellie S., Hennessy, Kym, Steultjens, Martijn P. and Woodburn, Jim
Abstract

Objective

To determine, for a number of techniques used to obtain foot shape based around plaster casting, foam box impressions, and 3-dimensional scanning, (1) the effect the technique has on the overall reproducibility of custom foot orthoses (FOs) in terms of inter- and intracaster reliability and (2) the reproducibility of FO design by using computer-aided design (CAD) software in terms of inter- and intra-CAD operator reliability for all these techniques.
Design

Cross-sectional study.
Setting

University laboratory.
Participants

Convenience sample of individuals (N=22) with noncavus foot types.
Interventions

Not applicable.
Main Outcome Measures

Parameters of the FO design (length, width at forefoot, width at rearfoot, and peak medial arch height), the forefoot to rearfoot angle of the foot shape, and overall volume match between device designs.
Results

For intra- and intercaster reliability of the different methods of obtaining the foot shape, all methods fell below the reproducibility quality threshold for the medial arch height of the device, and volume matching was <80% for all methods. The more experienced CAD operator was able to achieve excellent reliability (intraclass correlation coefficients >0.75) for all variables with the exception of forefoot to rearfoot angle, with overall volume matches of >87% of the devices.
Conclusions

None of the techniques for obtaining foot shape met all the criteria for excellent reproducibility, with the peak arch height being particularly variable. Additional variability is added at the CAD stage of the FO design process, although with adequate operator experience good to excellent reproducibility may be achieved at this stage. Taking only basic linear or angular measurement parameters from the device may fail to fully capture the variability in FO design.

JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Journal citation93 (5), pp. 863-870
ISSN00039993
Year2012
PublisherElsevie for American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1016/j.apmr.2011.12.019
Web address (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2011.12.019
Publication dates
PrintMay 2012
Publication process dates
Deposited21 Jun 2018
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