A brief review of instrument de-convolution of seismic data

Conference paper


Chanerley, A. and Alexander, Nick 2006. A brief review of instrument de-convolution of seismic data. Proceedings of Advances in Computing and Technology. (AC&T) The School of Computing and Technology 1st Annual Conference University of East London pp. 95-101
AuthorsChanerley, A. and Alexander, Nick
TypeConference paper
Abstract

Most corrected seismic data assume a 2nd order, single-degree-of-freedom (SDOF)
instrument function with which to de-convolve the instrument response from the ground motion.
Other corrected seismic data is not explicitly de-convolved, citing as reason insufficient instrument
information with which to de-convolve the data. Whereas this latter approach may facilitate ease of
processing, the estimate of the ground motion cannot be entirely reliable and therefore methods of deconvolution
have been suggested and described in [1, 2, 4 ,5]]. This paper reviews a relatively
straightforward implementation of the well-known recursive least squares (RLS) algorithm in the
context of a system identification problem [4]. The paper then goes on to discuss the order in which
implementation of the RLS algorithm should be applied when correcting seismic data. Noise
reduction is typically achieved by de-noising using the discrete wavelet transform [8, 9] or filtering
the resulting de-convolved seismic data. De-noising removes only those signals whose amplitudes are
below a certain threshold and is not therefore frequency selective. Standard band-pass filtering
methods on the other hand are frequency selective, but different cut-off frequencies for band-pass
filters are applied in different parts of the world when correcting seismic events. These give rise to
substantial differences in power spectral density characteristics of the corrected seismic data.

Keywordssingle-degree-of-freedom; RLS algorithm; earthquake engineering; destructive earthquake ground motions
Year2006
ConferenceProceedings of Advances in Computing and Technology
Publisher's version
License
CC BY-ND
Publication dates
Print2006
Publication process dates
Deposited12 Jul 2010
Web address (URL)http://www.uel.ac.uk/act/proceedings/documents/ACT06Proceeding.pdf
http://hdl.handle.net/10552/862
Additional information

Citation:
Chanerley, A.A., Alexander, N. (2006) ‘A brief review of instrument deconvolution of seismic data’ Proceedings of Advances in Computing and Technology, (AC&T) The School of Computing and Technology 1st Annual Conference, University of East London, pp. 95-101.

Place of publicationUniversity of East London
Page range95-101
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https://repository.uel.ac.uk/item/8675x

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