Task and ego goal orientations in competitive sport: a quantitative review of the literature from 1989 to 2016

Article


Lochbaum, M., Çetinkalp, Z., Graham, K-A., Wright, T. and Zazo, R. 2016. Task and ego goal orientations in competitive sport: a quantitative review of the literature from 1989 to 2016. Kinesiology. 48 (1), pp. 3-29.
AuthorsLochbaum, M., Çetinkalp, Z., Graham, K-A., Wright, T. and Zazo, R.
Abstract

Achievement goal theory (AGT) is a dominant theoretical framework. The purposes of this review were (1) to provide a summary of the task and ego goal orientations literature in competitive sport as measured by the Task and Ego Orientations in Sport Questionnaire (TEOSQ) or the Perceptions of Success in Sport Questionnaire (POSQ), (2) to test the interdependence of the two goal orientations, and (3) to provide the estimated means for both orientations across a number of historically examined moderator variables. 260 studies met inclusion criteria totaling 80,959 unique participants across 39 countries and 32 sports. Youth samples were nearly 50% of all included studies. The meta-analyzed intercorrelations (rw=.18, z=9.96, p<.000) supported the conceptualized interdependence of the two goal orientations. The estimated mean values were 4.15+.30 (task) and 3.04+.51 (ego). However, differences, POSQ compared to TEOSQ, existed in the estimated means (g=.92 task; g=1.09 ego). Thus, the TEOSQ and POSQ samples for the moderator variables (i.e. sex, sport level, sport type, and collective/individualistic countries) were examined separately. Results both supported and refuted the hypotheses and also differed by measure. Because of TEOSQ and POSQ inconsistencies, an additional analysis was undertaken to examine whether the TEOSQ and POSQ differed to a common correlate motivation climate. This analysis revealed measurement differences in the ego to ego climate relationships. In conclusion, AGT has been extensively researched in competitive sport. The inconsistent pattern of results raises a number of future research questions.

Keywordsachievement goal theory; Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire; Perception of Success Questionnaire; motivation; achievement goals
JournalKinesiology
Journal citation48 (1), pp. 3-29
ISSN1331-1441
Year2016
PublisherKineziološki fakultet, Horvaćanski
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Anyone
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.26582/k.48.1.14
Web address (URL)https://doi.org/10.26582/k.48.1.14
Publication dates
Online29 Jun 2016
Publication process dates
Accepted21 May 2016
Deposited23 Jul 2020
Copyright holder© 2016 The Authors
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Related outputs

A Meta-Analytic Review of Achievement Goal Orientation Correlates in Competitive Sport: A Follow-Up to Lochbaum et al. (2016)
Lochbaum, M., Zazo, R., Çetinkalp, Z., Wright. T., Graham, K-A. and Konttinen, N. 2016. A Meta-Analytic Review of Achievement Goal Orientation Correlates in Competitive Sport: A Follow-Up to Lochbaum et al. (2016). Kinesiology. 48 (2), pp. 159-173.