A Cross-Cultural and Trans-Generational Study: Links between Psychological Characteristics and Socio-Political Tendency amongst Urban Population in Afghanistan

Article


Kaviani, H. and Ahmadi, S-J. 2021. A Cross-Cultural and Trans-Generational Study: Links between Psychological Characteristics and Socio-Political Tendency amongst Urban Population in Afghanistan. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 18 (Art. 6372). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126372
AuthorsKaviani, H. and Ahmadi, S-J.
Abstract

Aim: This study examined how psychosocial characteristics might relate to adherence to democratic values among young and older people within two different cultural contexts in Afghanistan. Method: Self-report questionnaires were employed to measure empathy, theory of mind, gender role equality, openness to experiences, suggestibility, authoritarianism and support for democracy. A sample of 669 people from younger (18–25 years) and older (45 years and above) age groups from different cultural backgrounds in Afghanistan participated in the study. A series of MANOVAs were conducted to examine the cultural (Dari, Pashto), generational and gender differences on the study variables. Dari and Pashto speakers showed equal degrees of support for authoritarianism regardless of age difference. Results: The findings reveal that Dari speakers scored more highly on empathy, theory of mind, openness, gender role equality, democratic values and lower on suggestibility than Pashto speakers. Older Pashtun participants had lower scores on theory of mind than their younger counterparts. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis yields that gender role equality, openness and suggestibility predict support for democracy with gender role equality being the strongest predictor. Conclusion: The knowledge gained here would potentially be incorporated into the development of practical guidelines to be used by policy makers, education systems and the media to facilitate the process of democratization.

JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Journal citation18 (Art. 6372)
ISSN1660-4601
Year2021
PublisherMDPI
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Anyone
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126372
Publication dates
Online12 Jun 2021
Publication process dates
Accepted07 Jun 2021
Deposited24 Jun 2021
FunderBritish Academy/Leverhulme Trust
Copyright holder© 2021 The Authors
Permalink -

https://repository.uel.ac.uk/item/897z9

Download files


Publisher's version
ijerph-18-06372.pdf
License: CC BY 4.0
File access level: Anyone

  • 7
    total views
  • 2
    total downloads
  • 2
    views this month
  • 2
    downloads this month

Export as