Does Gender and Family Income Impact Stock Trading of B-School Students? Findings from a Stock Simulation Exercise

Article


Prakash, N. and Alagarsamy, A. 2021. Does Gender and Family Income Impact Stock Trading of B-School Students? Findings from a Stock Simulation Exercise. Vision: The Journal of Business Perspective. 26 (4), pp. 454-460. https://doi.org/10.1177/0972262921992591
AuthorsPrakash, N. and Alagarsamy, A.
Abstract

Educators across the globe utilize online stock market simulation games to introduce students to trading in the stock market. The primary objective of the simulation exercise is to expose students to the practical application of financial theories on fundamental analysis, stock selection, building an optimal portfolio, monitoring the risk-return characteristics and continuously improving the portfolio based on changing realities. This article utilizes the trading data from a simulation exercise conducted by a leading B-school in India. The exercise was conducted as part of Security Analysis and Portfolio Management (SAPM) course offered by the B-school. The objective of the article is to understand the role of gender and family income in the trading patterns of students in the simulation exercise. The article covers 163 students who were part of the simulation exercise in 2019. The results indicate that male students trade more aggressively than female students, both in terms of number of trades and the number of companies traded. However, the female students reported higher stock trading performance, measured in stock returns. This is observed to be true at all the quartiles, with the largest magnitude of the difference in the mid-quartiles. The study also indicates that the students from wealthier families perform better than those from poorer backgrounds. However, family income is an insignificant differentiating factor. Further, regression analysis indicates that gender is a significant determinant of stock returns. Based on these findings, the authors argue that gender has a significant role in the stock trading performance of B-schoolers. The article contributes to the field of behavioural finance, especially on the literature of gender and performance in financial markets.

KeywordsStock Market Simulation; Investment Decisions; Investment Behaviour; Gender Diversity; Income; Behavioural Finance
JournalVision: The Journal of Business Perspective
Journal citation26 (4), pp. 454-460
ISSN0972-2629
Year2021
PublisherSAGE Publications for Management Development Institute (MDI)
Accepted author manuscript
License
File Access Level
Anyone
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1177/0972262921992591
Publication dates
Online15 Mar 2021
PrintDec 2022
Publication process dates
Deposited29 Feb 2024
Copyright holder© 2021, The Authors
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This article version is the author's accepted manuscript, for the final published version, please visit: https://doi.org/10.1177/0972262921992591

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