Determinants of Contraceptive Options among Postpartum Women Attending Selected Health Care Facilities in Nigeria: A Cross-Sectional Study

Article


Adeoye, Y. R., Esan, D. T., Onasoga, O. A., Afolayan, J. A., Bello, C. B. and Olawade, D. B. 2024. Determinants of Contraceptive Options among Postpartum Women Attending Selected Health Care Facilities in Nigeria: A Cross-Sectional Study. SAGE Open Nursing. 10, pp. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1177/23779608231226089
AuthorsAdeoye, Y. R., Esan, D. T., Onasoga, O. A., Afolayan, J. A., Bello, C. B. and Olawade, D. B.
Abstract

Introduction:
Differences in availability and choices of contraceptive methods among postpartum women have been found to influence their quality of life as the fertility rate is very high, and the contraceptive usage rate persistently remains low in Nigeria.

Objectives:
This study assessed the determinants of contraceptive options among postpartum women in Nigeria.

Methods:
Two Local Governments were randomly selected from the four Local Governments. Within these two local governments, five health facilities were selected. A multistage sampling technique was used to select the 240 respondents, while a structured questionnaire was used to collect data.

Results:
Findings from the study indicated that 81.7% of the respondents have planned to have their current baby, and about 65.4% of the women have resumed sexual activities since delivery. Of those who have resumed sexual activities, the majority, 91.1% did so 6 weeks after delivery. Some form of contraceptive usage was prominent among 59.2% of the respondents, as the most common contraceptive method used was withdrawal (24.8%). Contraceptive prevalence was slightly lower for urban respondents than rural respondents, although the relationship was not significant. Also, there was a statistically significant relationship between the current use of contraceptives and resumption of sexual activities since delivery (p = .001), resumption of menstruation (p = .001), and information received about postpartum family planning (p = 0.013).

Conclusion:
Findings from this study emphasize the urgent need for enhanced accessibility and availability of contraceptive methods, with a parallel emphasis on targeted interventions and effective communication strategies to promote contraceptive uptake and family planning. Addressing these determinants is vital in improving postpartum women's overall quality of life in the study area.

JournalSAGE Open Nursing
Journal citation10, pp. 1-11
ISSN2377-9608
Year2024
PublisherSAGE Publications
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Anyone
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1177/23779608231226089
Publication dates
Online22 Jan 2024
Publication process dates
Deposited22 Apr 2024
Copyright holder© 2024, The Authors
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