Telemedicine as a tool to prevent multi-drug resistant tuberculosis in poor resource settings: Lessons from Nigeria

Article


Olowoyo, K. S., Esan, D. T., Adeyanju, B. T., Olawade, D. B., Oyinloye. B. E. and Olowoyo, P. 2024. Telemedicine as a tool to prevent multi-drug resistant tuberculosis in poor resource settings: Lessons from Nigeria. Journal of Clinical Tuberculosis and Other Mycobacterial Diseases. 35 (Art. 100423). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jctube.2024.100423
AuthorsOlowoyo, K. S., Esan, D. T., Adeyanju, B. T., Olawade, D. B., Oyinloye. B. E. and Olowoyo, P.
Abstract

Background
This mini review aims to provide an overview of the role of telemedicine in preventing multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in Nigeria. The specific objectives include examining the potential benefits of telemedicine, identifying the challenges associated with its implementation, and highlighting the importance of addressing infrastructure limitations and data privacy concerns.

Methods
This minireview is based on a comprehensive analysis of existing literature, including scholarly articles, and reports,. A systematic search was conducted using electronic databases, such as PubMed and Google Scholar, to identify relevant publications related to telemedicine and MDR-TB prevention in Nigeria. The selected articles were assessed for their relevance, and key findings were synthesized to provide an overview of the role of telemedicine in addressing the challenges of MDR-TB in Nigeria.

Results
The review demonstrates that telemedicine has the potential to significantly contribute to MDR-TB prevention efforts in Nigeria. The benefits of telemedicine include improved access to specialized care, enhanced patient adherence to treatment, and potential cost savings. However, challenges such as infrastructure limitations and data privacy concerns need to be addressed for successful implementation. Integrating telemedicine into the healthcare system has the potential to strengthen MDR-TB prevention, particularly in underserved areas, including within Nigeria. Specifically, the integration of telemedicine into the healthcare system can enhance access to specialized care, improve patient adherence, and potentially reduce costs associated with MDR-TB management.

Conclusions
Addressing infrastructure challenges, ensuring data privacy and security, and fostering trust among healthcare providers and patients are critical for successful implementation of telemedicine. Further research and policy frameworks are needed to guide the effective implementation and scale-up of telemedicine in MDR-TB prevention efforts in Nigeria.

JournalJournal of Clinical Tuberculosis and Other Mycobacterial Diseases
Journal citation35 (Art. 100423)
ISSN2405-5794
Year2024
PublisherElsevier
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Anyone
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jctube.2024.100423
Publication dates
Online24 Feb 2024
PrintMay 2024
Publication process dates
Deposited01 May 2024
Copyright holder© 2024, The Authors
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