Positive time use: a missing link between time perspective, time management, and well-being

Article


Osin, E. and Boniwell, I. 2024. Positive time use: a missing link between time perspective, time management, and well-being. Frontiers in Psychology. 16 (Art. 1087932). https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2024.1087932
AuthorsOsin, E. and Boniwell, I.
Abstract

Introduction: The notion of satisfaction with the use of one’s time has not been operationalized previously. Based on qualitative interviews, we propose a concept of positive time use comprised by four components: self-congruence of daily activities, balance between activities, efficient use of time, and a sense of mastery over one’s time.

Methods: Using data from two UK adult samples (N = 173 and N = 357), we developed a new measure, Positive Time Use Inventory (PTUI), and investigated its structural and convergent validity.

Results and discussion: The associations of positive time use with balanced time perspective, affect balance, satisfaction with life, sense of coherence, and self-reported satisfaction with time use indicate convergent and discriminant validity of the new measure. Positive time use partially explained the associations of balanced time perspective with subjective well-being and fully mediated the effects of future time perspective and time management on subjective well-being. We propose positive time use as a new model of temporal well-being, which brings together the notions of work-life balance, time efficiency, and time mastery in a single comprehensive framework, helping to inform the time management coaching interventions.

JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Journal citation16 (Art. 1087932)
ISSN1664-1078
Year2024
PublisherFrontiers
Publisher's version
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File Access Level
Anyone
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2024.1087932
Publication dates
Online26 Feb 2024
Publication process dates
Deposited01 May 2024
Copyright holder© 2024, The Authors
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