Morphological encoding beyond slots and fillers: An ERP study of comparative formation in English

Article


Schiller, Niels O., Clahsen, Harald, Paulmann, Silke, Budd, M. and Barry, Christopher 2018. Morphological encoding beyond slots and fillers: An ERP study of comparative formation in English. PLOS ONE. 13 (7), p. e0199897.
AuthorsSchiller, Niels O., Clahsen, Harald, Paulmann, Silke, Budd, M. and Barry, Christopher
Abstract

One important organizational property of morphology is competition. Different means of expression are in conflict with each other for encoding the same grammatical function. In the current study, we examined the nature of this control mechanism by testing the formation of comparative adjectives in English during language production. Event-related brain potentials (ERPs) were recorded during cued silent production, the first study of this kind for comparative adjective formation. We specifically examined the ERP correlates of producing synthetic relative to analytic comparatives, e.g. angrier vs. more angry. A frontal, bilaterally distributed, enhanced negative-going waveform for analytic comparatives (vis-a-vis synthetic ones) emerged approximately 300ms after the (silent) production cue. We argue that this ERP effect reflects a control mechanism that constrains grammatically-based computational processes (viz. more comparative formation). We also address the possibility that this particular ERP effect may belong to a family of previously observed negativities reflecting cognitive control monitoring, rather than morphological encoding processes per se.

JournalPLOS ONE
Journal citation13 (7), p. e0199897
ISSN1932-6203
Year2018
PublisherPublic Library of Science
Publisher's version
License
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0199897
Web address (URL)https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0199897
Publication dates
Print25 Jul 2018
Publication process dates
Deposited31 Jul 2018
Accepted17 Jun 2018
Accepted17 Jun 2018
FunderLeverhulme Trust
External resourceS1 Dataset. Mean ERP amplitudes
S2 File. MORE-adjectives
S1 File. ER-adjectives
Copyright information© 2018 Clahsen et al.
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https://repository.uel.ac.uk/item/8475x

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