Transition phase clothing strategies and their effect on body temperature and 100-m swimming performance

Article


Galbraith, A. and Willmott, A. 2017. Transition phase clothing strategies and their effect on body temperature and 100-m swimming performance. European Journal Of Sport Science. 18 (2), pp. 182-189. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2017.1411528
AuthorsGalbraith, A. and Willmott, A.
Abstract

Objective: Effective warm-ups are attributed to several temperature-related mechanisms. Strategies during the transition phase, preceding swimming competition, have been shown to prolong temperature-related warm-up effects. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of two different clothing strategies during the transition phase, on subsequent 100-m maximal swimming performance. Methods: Nine competitive swimmers (3 female, 21 ± 3 yrs; 6 male 20 ± 2 yrs, mean performance standard 702 FINA Points, mean 100-m seasons best time 61.54 s) completed their own 30-min individual pool warm-up, followed by 7-min changing time and a 30-min transition phase, straight into a 100-m maximal effort time-trial. During the transition phase, swimmers remained seated, either wearing warm or limited clothing. Swimmers returned 1 week later, where clothing conditions were alternated. Results: Post-transition phase skin and core temperature remained higher in the warm clothing condition compared to the limited clothing condition (Mean Core: 36.90 ± 0.17°C, 36.61 ± 0.15°C, P < .01; Mean Skin: 33.49 ± 0.59°C, 31.94 ± 0.59°C, P < .01). One hundred-metre finish times were 0.6% faster in the warm clothing condition compared to the limited clothing condition (62.63 ± 7.69 s, 63.00 ± 7.75 s, P < .01). Conclusion: Wearing warm clothing during a 30-min transition phase improved swimming performance by 0.6%, compared to limited clothing.

KeywordsCompetition; Physiology; Testing
JournalEuropean Journal Of Sport Science
Journal citation18 (2), pp. 182-189
ISSN1746-1391
Year2017
PublisherTaylor & Francis
Accepted author manuscript
License
File Access Level
Anyone
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2017.1411528
Publication dates
Online10 Dec 2017
Publication process dates
Accepted30 Nov 2017
Deposited17 Jan 2018
Copyright holder© 2017 Taylor & Francis.
Additional information

This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in European Journal Of Sport Science on 10.10.17, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/17461391.2017.1411528

Permalink -

https://repository.uel.ac.uk/item/8498x

Download files


Accepted author manuscript
EJSS_Main-Document_Accepted_Version.pdf
License: All rights reserved
File access level: Anyone

  • 162
    total views
  • 415
    total downloads
  • 0
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

The effects of high intensity interval training on quality of life: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Griffiths, M., Edwards, J., Mcnamara, J., Galbraith, A., Bruce-Low, S. and O’Driscoll, J. M. 2024. The effects of high intensity interval training on quality of life: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Public Health. In Press. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10389-024-02192-4
An Investigation into the Physiological Profiles of Muay Thai and the Relationships to Striking Performances.
Brown, L., Hastings, K., Doyle, G. and Galbraith, A. 2023. An Investigation into the Physiological Profiles of Muay Thai and the Relationships to Striking Performances. Journal of Australian Strength and Conditioning. In Press.
Postactivation Potentiation for Muay Thai Kicking Performance
Brown, L., Doyle, G., Bruce-Low, S., Domingos, S., Anthony, K., Rowan, F. and Galbraith, A. 2023. Postactivation Potentiation for Muay Thai Kicking Performance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 37 (10), pp. 2023-2037. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000004499
The Effects of Olympic Weightlifting Derivatives on Muay Thai Roundhouse Kicking Performance
Brown, L., Domingos, S., Doyle, G., Hastings, K. and Galbraith, A. 2022. The Effects of Olympic Weightlifting Derivatives on Muay Thai Roundhouse Kicking Performance. European Journal of Sports & Exercise Science. 10 (6), pp. 1-7.
Profiling The Physiological Parameters of Boxers in The Parachute Regiment. ‘Every Man an Emperor’
Brown, L., Doyle, G., Hastings, K., Thornton-White, C. and Galbraith, A. 2022. Profiling The Physiological Parameters of Boxers in The Parachute Regiment. ‘Every Man an Emperor’ . International Journal of Strength and Conditioning. 2 (1), pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.47206/ijsc.v2i1.157
Acute Ingestion of a Commercially Available Pre-workout Supplement Improves Anaerobic Power Output and Reduces Muscular Fatigue
Panayi, S. and Galbraith, A. 2022. Acute Ingestion of a Commercially Available Pre-workout Supplement Improves Anaerobic Power Output and Reduces Muscular Fatigue. International Journal of Exercise Science. 15 (6), pp. 455-472.
Physiological Assessment of Middle- and Long-Distance Runners
Galbraith, A. 2021. Physiological Assessment of Middle- and Long-Distance Runners . in: Blagrove, R. C. and Hayes, P. R. (ed.) The Science and Practice of Middle and Long Distance Running Routledge. pp. 79-96
The Effects of Lower Core Resistance Training on Rear Hand Punching Performance in Professional Boxers
Brown, L., Hastings, K., Doyle, G., Bruce-Low, S. and Galbraith, A. 2021. The Effects of Lower Core Resistance Training on Rear Hand Punching Performance in Professional Boxers. Journal of Australian Strength and Conditioning. 29 (5), pp. 15-24.
Physiological Profiles of Elite Parachute Regiment Infantry Boxers
Brown, L., Galbraith, A., Doyle, G. and Hastings, K. 2020. Physiological Profiles of Elite Parachute Regiment Infantry Boxers. Journal of Australian Strength and Conditioning. 28 (6).
Difference in the centre of mass vertical displacement between treadmill and over-ground running in recreational runners measured with inertial measurement units
Veg, A., Doyle, G. and Galbraith, A. 2019. Difference in the centre of mass vertical displacement between treadmill and over-ground running in recreational runners measured with inertial measurement units. Graduate Journal of Sport, Exercise & Physical Education Research. 11 (1), p. S43.
A comparison of treadmill versus outdoor running economy in recreational runners
Macaskill, G., Doyle, G. and Galbraith, A. 2019. A comparison of treadmill versus outdoor running economy in recreational runners. Graduate Journal of Sport, Exercise & Physical Education Research. 11 (1), p. S13.
The effects of custom-made compression garments on recovery and performance parameters after high intensity running
Bolessa, J. and Galbraith, A. 2018. The effects of custom-made compression garments on recovery and performance parameters after high intensity running. Graduate Journal of Sport, Exercise & Physical Education Research. 8 (S1), p. S35.
Comparison of Critical Speed and D' Derived From 2 or 3 Maximal Tests
Mehdi, K., Campbell, M. and Galbraith, A. 2018. Comparison of Critical Speed and D' Derived From 2 or 3 Maximal Tests. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 14 (5), pp. 685-688. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2017-0809
A Single-Visit Field Test of Critical Speed
Galbraith, A., Hopker, James, Lelliott, Stephen, Diddams, Louise and Passfield, Louis 2014. A Single-Visit Field Test of Critical Speed. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 9 (6), pp. 931-935. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2013-0507
The validity and reliability of a commercially available GPS device during running and cycling
Galbraith, A., Isikgun, Volkan and Hopker, James 2016. The validity and reliability of a commercially available GPS device during running and cycling. Journal of Sports Sciences. 34 (sup1), p. 73. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2016.1260807
A 1-Year Study of Endurance Runners: Training, Laboratory Tests, and Field Tests
Galbraith, A., Hopker, James, Cardinale, Marco, Cunniffe, Brian and Passfield, Louis 2014. A 1-Year Study of Endurance Runners: Training, Laboratory Tests, and Field Tests. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 9 (6), pp. 1019-1025. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2013-0508
Modeling Intermittent Running from a Single-visit Field Test
Galbraith, A., Hopker, James and Passfield, Louis 2015. Modeling Intermittent Running from a Single-visit Field Test. International Journal Of Sports Medicine. 36 (5), pp. 365-370.