5G Uniform linear arrays with beamforming and spatial multiplexing at 28 GHz, 37 GHz, 64 GHz and 71 GHz for outdoor urban communication: A two-level approach

Article


Lota, J., Sun, Shu, Rappaport, Theodore S. and Demosthenous, Andreas 2017. 5G Uniform linear arrays with beamforming and spatial multiplexing at 28 GHz, 37 GHz, 64 GHz and 71 GHz for outdoor urban communication: A two-level approach. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology. 66 (11), pp. 9972-9985.
AuthorsLota, J., Sun, Shu, Rappaport, Theodore S. and Demosthenous, Andreas
Abstract

Multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) spatial multiplexing and beamforming are regarded as key technology enablers for the fifth-generation (5G) millimeter wave (mmWave) mobile radio services. Spatial multiplexing requires sufficiently separated and incoherent antenna array elements, while in the case of beamforming, the antenna array elements need to be coherent and closely spaced. Extensive 28-, 60-, and 73-GHz ultra-wideband propagation measurements in cities of New York City and Austin have indicated formation of two or more spatial lobes for the angles-of-departure and angles-of-arrival even for line-of-sight (LOS) transmission, which is an advantageous feature of mmWave channels, indicating that the transmitting and receiving array antenna elements can be co-located, thus enabling a single architecture for both spatial multiplexing and beamforming. In this paper a two-level beamforming architecture for uniform linear arrays is proposed that leverages the formation of these spatial lobes. The antenna array is composed of sub-arrays, and the impact of sub-array spacing on the spectral efficiency is investigated through simulations using a channel simulator named NYUSIM developed based on extensive measured data at mmWave frequencies. Simulation results indicate spectral efficiencies of 18.5-28.1 bits/s/Hz with a sub-array spacing of 16 wavelengths for an outdoor mmWave urban LOS channel. The spectral efficiencies obtained are for single-user (SU) MIMO transmission at the recently allocated 5G carrier frequencies in July 2016. The method and results in this paper are useful for designing antenna array architectures for 5G wireless systems.

JournalIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Journal citation66 (11), pp. 9972-9985
ISSN0018-9545
Year2017
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Accepted author manuscript
Publisher's version
License
CC BY
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1109/TVT.2017.2741260
Web address (URL)https://doi.org/10.1109/TVT.2017.2741260
Publication dates
Print17 Aug 2017
Publication process dates
Deposited22 Aug 2017
Accepted13 Aug 2017
FunderEngineering and Physical Sciences Research Council
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