Work and care opportunities under different parental leave systems: gender and class inequalities in northern Europe
Javornik, J. and Kurowska, Anna 2017. Work and care opportunities under different parental leave systems: gender and class inequalities in northern Europe. Social Policy and Administration. 51 (4), pp. 617-637. https://doi.org/10.1111/spol.12316
|Javornik, J. and Kurowska, Anna
This article analyses public parental leave in eight northern European countries, and assesses its opportunity potential to facilitate equal parental involvement and employment, focusing on gender and income opportunity gaps. It draws on Sen’s capability approach and Weber’s ideal-types to comparative policy analysis. It offers the ideal parental leave architecture, one which minimizes the policy-generated gender and class inequality in parents’ opportunities to share parenting and keep their jobs, thus providing real opportunities for different groups of individuals to achieve valued functionings as parents. Five policy indicators are created using benchmarking and graphical analysis. Two sources of opportunity inequality are considered: the leave system as the opportunity and constraint structure and the socio-economic contexts as the conversion factors. The article produces a comprehensive overview of national leave policies, visually presenting leave policy across countries. Considering policy capability ramifications beyond gender challenges a family policy-cluster idea and the Nordic-Baltic divide. It demonstrates that leave systems in northern Europe are far from homogenous; they diverge in the degree to which they create real opportunities for parents and children as well as in key policy dimensions through which these opportunities are created.
|family policy; gender and class; capability; comparative analysis; policy indicators; Nordic and Baltic
|Social Policy and Administration
|51 (4), pp. 617-637
|Accepted author manuscript
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
|04 Jun 2017
|Publication process dates
|09 Feb 2017
|06 Feb 2017
|This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Javornik, Jana (2017) ‘Work and care opportunities under different parental leave systems: gender and class inequalities in northern Europe’, Social Policy and Administration, 51(4), pp. 617-637, which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/spol.12316. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
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