Disaster preparedness, adaptive politics and lifelong learning: a case of Japan

Article


Kitagawa, K. 2016. Disaster preparedness, adaptive politics and lifelong learning: a case of Japan. International Journal of Lifelong Education. 35 (6), pp. 629-647. https://doi.org/10.1080/02601370.2016.1231230
AuthorsKitagawa, K.
Abstract

Preparedness for disaster scenarios is progressively becoming an educational agenda for governments because of diversifying risks and threats worldwide. In disaster-prone Japan, disaster preparedness has been a prioritised national agenda, and preparedness education has been undertaken in both formal schooling and lifelong learning settings. This article examines the politics behind one prevailing policy discourse in the field of disaster preparedness referred to as ‘the four forms of aid’ – ‘kojo [public aid]’, ‘jijo [self-help]’, ‘gojo/kyojo [mutual aid]’. The study looks at the Japanese case, however, the significance is global, given that neo-liberal governments are increasingly having to deal with a range of disaster situations whether floods or terrorism, while implementing austerity measures. Drawing on the theory of the adaptiveness of neo-liberalism, the article sheds light on the hybridity of the current Abe government’s politics: a ‘dominant’ neo-liberal economic approach – public aid and self-help – and a ‘subordinate’ moral conservative agenda – mutual aid. It is argued that the four forms of aid are an effective ‘balancing act’, and that kyojo in particular is a powerful legitimator in the hybrid politics. The article concludes that a lifelong and life-wide preparedness model could be developed in Japan which has taken a social approach to lifelong learning. © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group

KeywordsDisaster preparedness; lifelong learning in Japan; preparedness education; the adaptiveness of neo-liberalism; the hybrid politics
JournalInternational Journal of Lifelong Education
Journal citation35 (6), pp. 629-647
ISSN0260-1370
1464-519X
Year2016
PublisherTaylor & Francis (Routledge)
Accepted author manuscript
License
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/02601370.2016.1231230
Publication dates
Online20 Sep 2016
Publication process dates
Deposited16 Sep 2016
Accepted31 Aug 2016
FunderEconomic and Social Research Council
Economic and Social Research Council
Copyright informationThis is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in International Journal of Lifelong Education on 20/09/2016, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/02601370.2016.1231230
Permalink -

https://repository.uel.ac.uk/item/84z90

Download files


Accepted author manuscript
IJLE Accepted Version Kitagawa.pdf
License: All rights reserved

  • 102
    total views
  • 535
    total downloads
  • 2
    views this month
  • 14
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Questioning ‘integrated’ disaster risk reduction and ‘all of society’ engagement: can ‘preparedness pedagogy’ help?
Kitagawa, K. 2018. Questioning ‘integrated’ disaster risk reduction and ‘all of society’ engagement: can ‘preparedness pedagogy’ help? Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education. 49 (6), pp. 851-867. https://doi.org/10.1080/03057925.2018.1464385
Situating preparedness education within public pedagogy
Kitagawa, K. 2016. Situating preparedness education within public pedagogy. Pedagogy, Culture and Society. 25 (1), pp. 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1080/14681366.2016.1200660
Continuity and change in disaster education in Japan
Kitagawa, K. 2014. Continuity and change in disaster education in Japan. History of Education. 44 (3), pp. 371-390.
Community response in disasters: an ecological learning framework
Preston, J., Chadderton, C., Kitagawa, K. and Edmonds, C. 2015. Community response in disasters: an ecological learning framework. International Journal of Lifelong Education. 34 (6), pp. 727-753.
Preparing for disaster: a comparative analysis of education for critical infrastructurecollapse
Kitagawa, K., Preston, J. and Chadderton, C. 2016. Preparing for disaster: a comparative analysis of education for critical infrastructurecollapse. Journal of Risk Research. 20 (11), pp. 1450-1465. https://doi.org/10.1080/13669877.2016.1178661
Young people’s transitions in London and temporal orientations of agency
Kitagawa, K. and Encibas, Mabel 2014. Young people’s transitions in London and temporal orientations of agency. London Review of Education. 12 (1), pp. 77-89.
The ‘state of exception’ and disaster education: a multilevel conceptual framework with implications for social justice
Preston, J., Chadderton, C. and Kitagawa, K. 2014. The ‘state of exception’ and disaster education: a multilevel conceptual framework with implications for social justice. Globalisation, Societies and Education. 12 (4), pp. 437-456.