Taking into account the quality of the relationship in HIV disclosure

Article


Smith, Charlotte, Cook, Rachel and Rohleder, P. 2016. Taking into account the quality of the relationship in HIV disclosure. AIDS and Behavior. 21 (1), pp. 106-117.
AuthorsSmith, Charlotte, Cook, Rachel and Rohleder, P.
Abstract

Despite growing interest in HIV disclosure, most theoretical frameworks and empirical studies focus on individual and social factors affecting the process, leaving the contribution of interpersonal factors relatively unexplored. HIV transmission and disclosure often occur within a couple however, and this is where disclosure has the most scope as a HIV transmission intervention. With this in mind, this study explores whether perceived relationship quality influences HIV disclosure outcomes. Ninety-five UK individuals with HIV participated in a cross-sectional survey. Retrospective data were collected on their perceived relationship quality prior to disclosing their HIV positive status, and on disclosure outcomes. Perceived relationship quality was found to significantly affect disclosure outcomes. Positive qualities in the relationship were associated with positive outcomes, whereas negative qualities were associated with negative outcomes. Results further confirmed that this association was not merely correlational, but demonstrated predictive power. Relationship quality might act as either a risk or a resilience factor in the disclosure process, and thus warrants greater attention in future research.

KeywordsHIV/AIDS; Disclosure; HIV transmission; Relationship quality
JournalAIDS and Behavior
Journal citation21 (1), pp. 106-117
ISSN1090-7165
1573-3254
Year2016
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Accepted author manuscript
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1007/s10461-016-1323-z
Web address (URL)https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10461-016-1323-z
Publication dates
Print04 Mar 2016
Publication process dates
Deposited04 Mar 2016
Accepted04 Feb 2016
Copyright informationThe final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-016-1323-z
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https://repository.uel.ac.uk/item/8520x

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