Migraine in Synesthetes and Nonsynesthetes: A Prevalence Study

Article


Jonas, C. and Hibbard, P. B. 2015. Migraine in Synesthetes and Nonsynesthetes: A Prevalence Study. Perception. 0 (0), pp. 1-24.
AuthorsJonas, C. and Hibbard, P. B.
Abstract

Synesthesia is a neurological condition in which an inducer stimulus in one sense leads to a
concurrent percept in a second sense. The immune hypothesis of synesthesia links synesthesia
to immune-related conditions such as migraine. More specifically, migraine with aura may be linked
to grapheme-color synesthesia as both involve cortical hyperexcitability. In this study, 161 female
synesthetes, and 92 female nonsynesthetes, completed an online questionnaire about synesthesia
and migraine. We found no general link between migraine and synesthesia nor between migraine
with aura and grapheme-color synesthesia. Exploratory analyses, however, showed that certain
types of synesthetic inducer (non-linguistic visual experiences, scent, taste, emotion and
personality) were associated with visual disturbances in headache among female participants,
and touch as a concurrent was associated with migraine with aura. On the basis of our
exploratory analyses, we hypothesize that specific subtypes of synesthesia are related to
migraine. The relationship between these two conditions is likely to become clearer as
research on the underlying causes of synesthesia and migraine progresses.

JournalPerception
Journal citation0 (0), pp. 1-24
ISSN1468-4233
0301-0066
Year2015
PublisherPion
Accepted author manuscript
License
CC BY
Web address (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006615599905
Publication dates
Print19 Aug 2015
Publication process dates
Deposited25 Aug 2015
Accepted19 Aug 2015
Copyright information© 2015 The authors. Jonas, C.N., Hibbard, P.B., 2015. The definitive, peer-reviewed and edited version of this article is published in Perception, 0(0), 1-24, http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006615599905
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