Monitoring concept to detect engine oil condition degradations to support a reliable drive operation

PhD Thesis

Rigol, Sascha 2012. Monitoring concept to detect engine oil condition degradations to support a reliable drive operation. PhD Thesis University of East London School of Architecture Computing and Engineering
AuthorsRigol, Sascha
TypePhD Thesis

The theoretical part of this research work summarised all the known potential lubricant
degradation effects during engine operation and in particular with regard to the use of
the current generation of biofuels. A qualitative risk assessment was conducted which outlined biodiesel as potentially the most critical fuel. A ‘black box’ model was used to outline the challenge of oil condition monitoring based on summative sensor measurement methods. The theoretical considerations were supported by a statistical analysis which investigated how the presence of multiple contaminants in the oil affects the most common sensor data of permittivity, conductivity and viscosity. ‘Design of Experiments’ (DoE) models were developed for the permittivity, conductivity and viscosity data and expressing mathematically the relationship between the contaminants having a significant influence on each of the sensor data. The findings of the multivariate analysis identified that the effects on permittivity and viscosity provided reliable information about oil condition changes. The concept of an oil condition algorithm in this research was aimed at addressing accuracy and efficiency in predicting the outcome. The core aspect of the algorithm was the use of characteristic maps based on bi-linear regression to predict the fuel, soot and oxidation levels in the oil using permittivity and viscosity as the input data. Based on the predictions using three contaminant components a method to assess the overall condition status is derived. The derived condition status provided the input for an oil drain forecast method which monitors the status within the predefined maximum mileage. Another achievement from this research was the vehicle simulation for different driving profiles and the corresponding simulation of oil degradations. The selected profiles were for a ‘Taxi’, ‘Normal’ driving and ‘Long Distance’ driving. The resulting simulation of fuel, soot and oxidation levels in the oil showed a high correlation compared with the use of real oil analysis based on engineering judgement. The quantitative assessment of the simulated contaminant levels compared with the predicted levels obtained from each characteristic map showed excellent prediction performance. The derived overall condition rating and mileage forecast prediction also showed very good results. The results from this research have shown that this new oil condition algorithm concept using bi-linear characteristic maps has enabled the compromise between predictive
accuracy and an efficient and transparent algorithm structure. Validation of the results confirms that the algorithm has the potential to minimise and prevent oil condition related engine failures regardless of the actual fuel used.

Keywordslubricants; biofuels
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Print20 Feb 2012
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Deposited20 Feb 2012
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