Personality disorder, temperament, and childhood adversity: findings from a cohort of prisoners in England and Wales
Roberts, A., Yang, Min, Zhang, Tianqiang and Coid, Jeremy 2008. Personality disorder, temperament, and childhood adversity: findings from a cohort of prisoners in England and Wales. Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology. 19 (4), pp. 460-483.
|Roberts, A., Yang, Min, Zhang, Tianqiang and Coid, Jeremy
Adverse childhood experiences and childhood temperamental features are known to contribute to the development of personality disorder. The aim of this study was to examine associations between personality disorder, childhood temperament, adverse childhood experiences, and victimisation. The Prisoner Cohort Study was carried out as part of the dangerous and severe personality disorder (DSPD) service development programme commissioned by the Home Office. The study comprised 1396 male offenders interviewed with the Structured Clinical Interview (SCID II) to diagnose personality disorders in addition to reveal self-reported experiences of childhood victimisation and disadvantage. Independent and joint relationships were examined between reported temperament and adverse childhood experiences and Axis II disorders measured at interview. Prisoners with personality disorder reported adverse childhood experiences and victimisation more frequently than those with no personality disorder. Different childhood experiences were interrelated with specific personality disorder categories. Associations between temperamental features and specific personality disorders were increased by the addition of adverse childhood experiences (joint effects). A difficult temperament and childhood adversity increase the likelihood of personality disorder in prisoners and may be risk factors to target for future early intervention.
|adverse childhood experiences; childhood temperament; personality disorder; victimisation; prisoners
|Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology
|19 (4), pp. 460-483
|Accepted author manuscript
|Web address (URL)
|Publication process dates
|17 Mar 2010
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