Gambling and violence in a nationally representative sample of UK men

Article


Roberts, A., Coid, Jeremy, King, Robert, Murphy, Reagan, Turner, J., Bowden-Jones, Henrietta, Palmer Du Preez, Katie and Landon, Jason 2016. Gambling and violence in a nationally representative sample of UK men. Addiction. 111 (12), pp. 2196-2207.
AuthorsRoberts, A., Coid, Jeremy, King, Robert, Murphy, Reagan, Turner, J., Bowden-Jones, Henrietta, Palmer Du Preez, Katie and Landon, Jason
Abstract

The relationship between violence and problem gambling in general population samples is under-researched and requires further attention to inform treatment and prevention efforts. We investigated the relationship between gambling problems and violence among men and sought to determine if the link can be accounted for by mental disorders, alcohol and drug dependence and impulsivity.

Design: A cross-sectional survey.

Setting: A United Kingdom representative general population survey conducted in 2009.

Participants: 3025 UK men aged 18-64 years.

Measurements: Binary logistic regression was used to examine relationships. Outcome measures included gambling behaviour and self-reports of violence. Covariates included alcohol and drug dependence, mental illness, impulsivity and socio-demography.

Findings: Problem gambling and probable pathological gambling were associated with increased odds of the perpetration of violence (Adjusted Odd Ratios (AOR) 3.09 (CI =1.9- 5.0) and 4.09 (CI =2.8-6.3) respectively), and a range of other behaviours such as using a weapon, (AORs 4.93 (CI =2.5-9.6) and 6.33 (CI =3.5-11.4)), and the perpetration of intimate partner violence (IPV) (AOR 9.80 (CI =2.5-39.0)). The results were attenuated when adjusted for comorbid mental illness, and impulsivity but remained statistically significant. Alcohol and drug dependence had the most impact; relationships were most attenuated when they added into the models, with the latter having the largest effect.

Conclusions: Among men in the United Kingdom, self-reports of problem/pathological gambling remain predictive of a range of measures of violent behaviour after adjusting for alcohol and drug dependence, comorbid mental disorder and impulsivity; of the covariates, alcohol and drug dependence have the greatest effect in attenuating the gambling-violence association.

JournalAddiction
Journal citation111 (12), pp. 2196-2207
ISSN0965-2140
1360-0443
Year2016
PublisherWiley
Accepted author manuscript
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1111/add.13522
Web address (URL)https://doi.org/10.1111/add.13522
Publication dates
Print26 Aug 2016
Publication process dates
Deposited14 Nov 2016
Accepted05 Jul 2016
FunderMaurice and Jacqueline Bennett Charitable Trust
Forensic Psychiatry Research Unit (now Violence Prevention Research Unit)
Maurice and Jacqueline Bennett Charitable Trust
Forensic Psychiatry Research Unit (now Violence Prevention Research Unit)
Copyright information© Society for the Study of Addiction. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Amanda Roberts, Jeremy Coid, Robert King, Raegan Murphy, John Turner, Henrietta Bowden-Jones, Katie Palmer Du Preez, and Jason Landon (2016), Gambling and violence in a nationally representative sample of UK men, Addiction, vol.11, no. 12, p.2196-2207 , which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/add.13522 . This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
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