During pregnancy, recreational drug-using women stop taking ecstasy (3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methylamphetamine) and reduce alcohol consumption but continue to smoke tobacco and cannabis

Article


Moore, D., Turner, J., Parrott, A.C., Goodwin, J.E., Fulton, S., Min, M.O., Fox, H.C., Braddick, F.M.B., Toplis, A.S., Axelsson, E.L., Lynch, S., Ribeiro, H., Frostick, C. and Singer, L.T. 2010. During pregnancy, recreational drug-using women stop taking ecstasy (3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methylamphetamine) and reduce alcohol consumption but continue to smoke tobacco and cannabis. Journal of Psychopharmacology. 24 (9), pp. 1403-1410.
AuthorsMoore, D., Turner, J., Parrott, A.C., Goodwin, J.E., Fulton, S., Min, M.O., Fox, H.C., Braddick, F.M.B., Toplis, A.S., Axelsson, E.L., Lynch, S., Ribeiro, H., Frostick, C. and Singer, L.T.
Abstract

While recreational drug use in UK women is prevalent, to date there is little prospective data on patterns of drug use in recreational drug-using women
immediately before and during pregnancy. A total of 121 participants from a wide range of backgrounds were recruited to take part in the longitudinal
Development and Infancy Study (DAISY) study of prenatal drug use and outcomes. Eighty-six of the women were interviewed prospectively while
pregnant and/or soon after their infant was born. Participants reported on use immediately before and during pregnancy and on use over their lifetime.
Levels of lifetime drug use of the women recruited were high, with women reporting having used at least four different illegal drugs over their lifetime.
Most users of cocaine, 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methylamphetamine (MDMA) and other stimulants stopped using these by the second trimester and levels
of use were low. However, in pregnancy, 64% of the sample continued to use alcohol, 46% tobacco and 48% cannabis. While the level of alcohol use
reduced substantially, average tobacco and cannabis levels tended to be sustained at pre-pregnancy levels even into the third trimester (50 cigarettes
and/or 11 joints per week). In sum, while the use of ‘party drugs’ and alcohol seems to reduce, levels of tobacco and cannabis use are likely to be
sustained throughout pregnancy. The data provide polydrug profiles that can form the basis for the development of more realistic animal models.

KeywordsPregnancy; MDMA; in utero; risk factors; cannabis; smoking; alcohol; drugs
JournalJournal of Psychopharmacology
Journal citation24 (9), pp. 1403-1410
Year2010
Accepted author manuscript
License
CC BY-ND
Web address (URL)http://hdl.handle.net/10552/1196
Publication dates
Print2010
Publication process dates
Deposited11 Apr 2011
Additional information

Citation:
Moore, D.G., Turner, J.J.D.., Parrott, A.C, Goodwin, J.E., Fulton, S.E. Min, , M.O., Fox, H.C., Braddick, F.M.B., Toplis, A., Axelsson, E.L., Lynch, S., Ribeiro, H.,Frostick, C.J. & Singer L.T. (2010) During pregnancy, recreational drug-using women stop taking ecstasy (MDMA) and reduce alcohol consumption but continue to smoke tobacco and cannabis. Journal of Psychopharmacology 24(9) 1403-1410.

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