Physical activity in deprived communities in London: examining individual and neighbourhood-level factors
Watts, Paul, Phillips, G., Petticrew, Mark, Hayes, Richard, Bottomley, Christian, Yu, Ge, Schmidt, Elena, Tobi, P., Moore, D., Frostick, C., Lock, Karen and Renton, A. 2013. Physical activity in deprived communities in London: examining individual and neighbourhood-level factors. PLOS ONE. 8 (7), p. e69472.
|Authors||Watts, Paul, Phillips, G., Petticrew, Mark, Hayes, Richard, Bottomley, Christian, Yu, Ge, Schmidt, Elena, Tobi, P., Moore, D., Frostick, C., Lock, Karen and Renton, A.|
Methods: In 40 of the most deprived neighbourhoods in London (ranked in top 11% in London by Index of Multiple Deprivation) a cross-sectional survey (n = 4107 adults aged > = 16 years), neighbourhood audit tool, GIS measures and routine data measured neighbourhood and individual-level characteristics.
The binary outcome was meeting the minimum recommended (CMO, UK) 5×30 mins moderate physical activity per week. Multilevel modelling was used to examine associations between physical activity and individual and neighbourhood-level characteristics.
Results: Respondents living more than 300 m away from accessible greenspace had lower odds of achieving recommended physical activity levels than those who lived within 300 m; from 301–600 m (OR = 0.7; 95% CI 0.5–0.9) and from 601–900 m (OR = 0.6; 95% CI 0.4–0.8). There was substantial residual between-neighbourhood variance in physical activity (median odds ratio = 1.7). Other objectively measured neighbourhood-level characteristics were not associated with physical activity levels.
Distance to nearest greenspace is associated with meeting recommended physical activity levels in deprived London neighbourhoods. Despite residual variance in physical activity levels between neighbourhoods, we found little evidence for the influence of other measured neighbourhood-level characteristics.
|Keywords||physical activity; London; deprivation|
|Journal citation||8 (7), p. e69472|
|Publisher||Public Library of Science|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0069472|
|26 Jul 2013|
|Publication process dates|
|Deposited||12 Aug 2013|
|Accepted||11 Jun 2013|
|Big Lottery Fund|
|Copyright information||© 2013 The authors. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
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