Energy, Development and Health Futures in Poorer Countries

Conference paper


Renton, A. 2013. Energy, Development and Health Futures in Poorer Countries. UEL Research and Knowledge Exchange Conference 2013. University of East London, London 26 Jun 2013 London University of East London.
AuthorsRenton, A.
TypeConference paper
Abstract

Objective: While the link between health, social and economic development is being re-emphasised; the sustainability of current patterns of energy use which fuel economic development is being questioned because of fossil fuel depletion and climate change. In this paper we review and extend International Energy Agency (IEA) projections for economic growth and energy consumption; and estimate the impact of these on UN Human Development Index health indicators over the next century.
Methods: 1) Extension of IEA analysis to 2002-2102. 2) Estimation of the effect of GDP growth and improved education on under-five mortality rate (UFMR) and life expectancy at birth in females (LE) 1970- 2002 using a World Bank regression model and Bank country data. 3) Application of regression coefficients to projected growth in 50 countries with purchasing-power-parity (ppp)GDP < $4,000 per capita in 2002 to project improvement in UFMR and LE 2003-2102.
Findings: On optimistic assumptions about energy efficiency and substitution of new energy sources, current conventional oil and gas reserves will be exhausted by the middle of the current century. At the point at which current oil (gas) reserves are projected to be exhausted, 44% (50%) of countries are projected to have achieved per-capita PPP GDP of $4,000; 49% (59%) to have
achieved an under five mortality rate of less than 50 per 1,000 births and 65% (77%) to have achieved a life expectancy among females of 65 years
Interpretation: The poorest countries are unlikely to achieve the levels of health experienced in rich countries today before a serious energy crisis unfolds. Reduction in consumption in rich countries may be the only way to secure the health and development future of poor countries. Analysis of the evidence concerning the relationship between consumption and wellbeing suggest that such a reduction could improve rather than reduce wellbeing in rich countries.

Keywordseconomic growth; energy supplies; health; developing countries
Year2013
ConferenceUEL Research and Knowledge Exchange Conference 2013
PublisherUniversity of East London
Publisher's version
License
CC BY-ND
File
License
CC BY-ND
Publication dates
Print26 Jun 2013
Publication process dates
Deposited08 Jul 2013
Place of publicationLondon
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https://repository.uel.ac.uk/item/85wyq

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