Clustering of lifestyle risk behaviours among residents of forty deprived neighbourhoods in London: lessons for targeting public health interventions

Article


Watts, P., Buck, David, Netuveli, G. and Renton, A. 2015. Clustering of lifestyle risk behaviours among residents of forty deprived neighbourhoods in London: lessons for targeting public health interventions. Journal of Public Health. 38 (2), pp. 308-315.
AuthorsWatts, P., Buck, David, Netuveli, G. and Renton, A.
Abstract

Background Clustering of lifestyle risk behaviours is very important in predicting premature mortality. Understanding the extent to which risk behaviours are clustered in deprived communities is vital to most effectively target public health interventions.
Methods We examined co-occurrence and associations between risk behaviours (smoking, alcohol consumption, poor diet, low physical activity and high sedentary time) reported by adults living in deprived London neighbourhoods. Associations between sociodemographic characteristics and clustered risk behaviours were examined. Latent class analysis was used to identify underlying clustering of behaviours.
Results Over 90% of respondents reported at least one risk behaviour. Reporting specific risk behaviours predicted reporting of further risk behaviours. Latent class analyses revealed four underlying classes. Membership of a maximal risk behaviour class was more likely for young, white males who were unable to work.
Conclusions Compared with recent national level analysis, there was a weaker relationship between education and clustering of behaviours and a very high prevalence of clustering of risk behaviours in those unable to work. Young, white men who report difficulty managing on income were at high risk of reporting multiple risk behaviours. These groups may be an important target for interventions to reduce premature mortality caused by multiple risk behaviours.

Keywordspopulation health; clustering; heath behaviours
JournalJournal of Public Health
Journal citation38 (2), pp. 308-315
ISSN1741-3842
Year2015
PublisherOxford University Press
Accepted author manuscript
License
CC BY
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1093/pubmed/fdv028
Publication dates
Print11 Mar 2015
Publication process dates
Deposited12 Apr 2016
FunderWellcome Trust
Copyright information© The Author 2015. This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Journal of Public Health following peer review. The version of record is available online at: http://www.dx.doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdv028
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