Re-thinking social exclusion in later life: a case for a new framework for measurement

Article


Macleod, Catherine A., Ross, Andy, Sacker, Amanda, Netuveli, G. and Windle, Gill 2017. Re-thinking social exclusion in later life: a case for a new framework for measurement. Ageing and Society. 39 (1), pp. 74-111.
AuthorsMacleod, Catherine A., Ross, Andy, Sacker, Amanda, Netuveli, G. and Windle, Gill
Abstract

Social exclusion is a dynamic multi-dimensional process that is interactive in nature. The complex interplay between domains, whereby each domain can act as a determinant, indicator and/or outcome of social exclusion, hinders understanding of the process and the mechanisms through which social exclusion exists. This article highlights the need to disentangle these pathways and move beyond descriptive accounts of social exclusion, presenting a new working framework that allows direct hypothesis testing of these between-domain relationships. Whilst this working framework can be applied to any population, this article focuses on older adults. Life events that can drive social exclusion such as bereavement and changes in health are more likely to occur in later life, and occur more frequently, increasing the risk of social exclusion for this population. Rooted in the new working framework, this article presents the construction of later life social exclusion measures for use with Understanding Society – the United Kingdom Household Longitudinal Study. The validity of these measures are considered by examining the characteristics of those aged 65 years and over who score the highest, and therefore experience the greatest level of exclusion. This new working framework and developed social exclusion measures provide a platform from which to explore the complex relationships between domains of social exclusion and ultimately provide a clearer understanding of this intricate multi-dimensional process.

JournalAgeing and Society
Journal citation39 (1), pp. 74-111
ISSN0144-686X
Year2017
PublisherCambridge University Press for British Society of Gerontology and Journal of The Centre for Policy on Ageing
Publisher's version
License
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1017/S0144686X17000794
Web address (URL)https://doi.org/10.1017/S0144686X17000794
Publication dates
Print15 Sep 2017
Publication process dates
Deposited11 Jan 2019
Accepted04 Jul 2017
Accepted04 Jul 2017
FunderEconomic and Social Research Council
Economic and Social Research Council
Economic and Social Research Council
Copyright information© 2017 Cambridge University Press
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