Applying gaze-contingent training within community settings to infants from diverse SES backgrounds

Article


Ballieux, H., Wass, Sam V., Tomalski, Przemyslaw, Kushnerenko, E., Karmiloff-Smith, Annette, Johnson, Mark H. and Moore, D. 2016. Applying gaze-contingent training within community settings to infants from diverse SES backgrounds. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology. 43, pp. 8-17.
AuthorsBallieux, H., Wass, Sam V., Tomalski, Przemyslaw, Kushnerenko, E., Karmiloff-Smith, Annette, Johnson, Mark H. and Moore, D.
Abstract

Even in infancy children from low SES backgrounds differ in frontal cortex functioning and,
by the start of pre-school, they frequently show poor performance on executive functions
including attention control. These differences may causally mediate later difficulties in
academic learning. Here, we present a study to assess the feasibility of using computerized
paradigms to train attention control in infants, delivered weekly over five sessions in early
intervention centres for low-SES families. Thirty-three 12-month-old infants were recruited,
of whom 23 completed the training. Our results showed the feasibility of repeat-visit
cognitive training within community settings. Training-related improvements were found,
relative to active controls, on tasks assessing visual sustained attention, saccadic reaction
time, and rule learning, while trend improvements were found on assessments of short-term
memory. No significant improvements were found in task switching. These results warrant
further investigation into the potential of this method for targeting ‘at-risk’ infants in
community settings.

JournalJournal of Applied Developmental Psychology
Journal citation43, pp. 8-17
ISSN01933973
Year2016
PublisherElsevier
Accepted author manuscript
License
CC BY-NC-ND
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1016/j.appdev.2015.12.005
Publication dates
Print09 Jan 2016
Publication process dates
Deposited25 Apr 2016
Accepted13 Dec 2015
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