How orchids concentrate? The relationship between physiological stress reactivity and cognitive performance during infancy and early childhood

Article


Wass, S. 2018. How orchids concentrate? The relationship between physiological stress reactivity and cognitive performance during infancy and early childhood. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews. 90, pp. 34-49.
AuthorsWass, S.
Abstract

The Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) is involved both in higher-order cognition such as attention and learning, and in responding to unexpected, threatening events. Increased ANS reactivity may confer both superior short-term cognitive performance, and heightened long-term susceptibility to adverse events. Here, we evaluate this hypothesis within the Differential Susceptibility Theory (DST) framework. We hypothesise that individuals with increased reactivity may show heightened biological sensitivity to context, conferring both positive (development-enhancing) effects (superior attention and learning) and negative (risk-promoting) effects (increased sensitivity to unsupportive environments). First, we examine how ANS reactivity relates to early cognitive performance. We hypothesise that increased phasic ANS reactivity, observed at lower tonic (pre-stimulus) ANS activity, is associated with better attention and learning. We conclude that the evidence is largely in support. Second we discuss whether ANS reactivity to ‘positive’, attention-eliciting and to ‘negative’, aversive stimuli is a one-dimensional construct; and evaluate evidence for how the real-world environment influences physiological stress over short and long time-frames. We identify three areas where the evidence is currently inconclusive.

JournalNeuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews
Journal citation90, pp. 34-49
ISSN0149-7634
Year2018
PublisherElsevier for International Behavioral Neuroscience Society
Accepted author manuscript
License
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2018.03.029
Web address (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2018.03.029
Publication dates
Online30 Mar 2018
PrintJul 2018
Publication process dates
Deposited03 Apr 2018
Accepted30 Mar 2018
Accepted30 Mar 2018
FunderBritish Academy
Economic and Social Research Council
Copyright information© 2018 Elsevier
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