Increases in Arousal are More Long-Lasting than Decreases in Arousal: On Homeostatic Failures During Emotion Regulation in Infancy

Article


Wass, S., Clackson, Kaili and Leong, Vicky 2018. Increases in Arousal are More Long-Lasting than Decreases in Arousal: On Homeostatic Failures During Emotion Regulation in Infancy. Infancy. 23 (5), pp. 628-649.
AuthorsWass, S., Clackson, Kaili and Leong, Vicky
Abstract

In emotion regulation, negative or undesired emotions are downregulated, but there are also opponent processes to emotion regulation—in which undesired emotions are exacerbated dynamically over time by processes that have an amplifying or upregulating impact. Evidence for such processes has been shown in adults, but little previous work has examined whether infants show similar patterns. To examine this, we measured physiological arousal in 57 typical 12 month olds while presenting a 20‐min mixed viewing battery. Fluctuations in autonomic arousal were measured via heart rate, electrodermal activity, and movement. We reasoned that if transitions in autonomic arousal are random (stochastic), then (1) arousal would be normally distributed across the session, and (2) episodes where arousal exceeded a certain threshold above the mean should be as long‐lived as those where arousal exceeded the same threshold below the mean. In fact we found that (1) heart rate and movement (but not electrodermal activity) were positively skewed, and (2) that increases in arousal have a lower extinction probability than decreases in arousal. Our findings may suggest that increases in arousal are self‐sustaining. These patterns are the opposite of the homeostatic mechanisms predicted by naïve approaches to emotion regulation.

JournalInfancy
Journal citation23 (5), pp. 628-649
ISSN1525-0008
Year2018
PublisherWiley for International Society on Infant Studies
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1111/infa.12243
Web address (URL)https://doi.org/10.1111/infa.12243
Publication dates
Online03 May 2018
Publication process dates
Deposited20 Aug 2018
FunderEconomic and Social Research Council
Economic and Social Research Council
Medical Research Council
Economic and Social Research Council
Economic and Social Research Council
Medical Research Council
Copyright information© 2018 International Congress of Infant Studies. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Wass, S., Clackson, K., Leong, V., 'Increases in Arousal are More Long-Lasting than Decreases in Arousal: On Homeostatic Failures During Emotion Regulation in Infancy', Infancy, 23 (5), pp. 628-649, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/infa.12243. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.
Permalink -

https://repository.uel.ac.uk/item/84836

Accepted author manuscript

  • 7
    total views
  • 0
    total downloads
  • 2
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month

Related outputs

A psychophysiological investigation of the interplay between orienting and executive control during stimulus conflict: A heart rate variability study
Sørensen, L., Wass, S., Osnes, B., Schanche, E., Adolfsdottir, S., Svendsen, J. L., Visted, E., Eilertsen, T., Jensen, D. A., Nordby, H., Fasmer, O. B., Binder, P. E., Koenig, J. and Sonuga-Barke, E. 2019. A psychophysiological investigation of the interplay between orienting and executive control during stimulus conflict: A heart rate variability study. Physiology & Behavior.
Influences of environmental stressors on autonomic function in 12-month-old infants: understanding early common pathways to atypical emotion regulation and cognitive performance
Wass, S., Smith, C. G., Daubney, K., Suata, Z. M., Clackson, K., Begum, A. and Mizra, F. U. 2019. Influences of environmental stressors on autonomic function in 12-month-old infants: understanding early common pathways to atypical emotion regulation and cognitive performance. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry.
Parents mimic and influence their infant’s autonomic state through dynamic affective state matching
Wass, S., Smith, C. G., Clackson, K., Gibb, C., Eitzenberger, J. and Mirza, F. U. 2019. Parents mimic and influence their infant’s autonomic state through dynamic affective state matching. Current Biology. 24 (14), pp. 2415-2422.
Shorter spontaneous fixation durations in infants with later emerging autism
Wass, S., Jones, Emily J. H., Gliga, Teodora, Smith, Tim J., Charman, Tony and Johnson, Mark H. 2015. Shorter spontaneous fixation durations in infants with later emerging autism. Scientific Reports. 5 (1), p. Art. 8284.
Impaired Visual Search in Children with Rett Syndrome
Rose, Susan A., Wass, S., Jankowski, Jeffery J., Feldman, Judith F. and Djukic, Aleksandra 2018. Impaired Visual Search in Children with Rett Syndrome. Pediatric Neurology. 92, pp. 26-31.
Parental neural responsivity to infants’ visual attention: how mature brains influence immature brains during social interaction
Wass, S., Noreika, V., Georgieva, S., Clackson, K., Brightman, L., Nutbrown, R., Santamaria, L. and Leong, V. 2018. Parental neural responsivity to infants’ visual attention: how mature brains influence immature brains during social interaction. PLoS Biology. 16 (2), p. e2006328.
Attentional Shifting and Disengagement in Rett Syndrome
Rose, Susan A., Wass, S., Jankowski, Jeffery J., Feldman, Judith F. and Djukic, Aleksandra 2019. Attentional Shifting and Disengagement in Rett Syndrome. Neuropsychology. 33 (3), pp. 335-342.
Speaker Gaze Increases Information Coupling Between Infant and Adult Brains
Leong, Victoria, Byrne, Elizabeth, Clackson, Kaili, Georgieva, Stanimira, Lam, Sarah and Wass, S. 2017. Speaker Gaze Increases Information Coupling Between Infant and Adult Brains. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 114 (50), pp. 13290-13295.
Toward a Neuroscientific Understanding of Play: A Dimensional Coding Framework for Analyzing Infant–Adult Play Patterns
Neale, Dave, Clackson, Kaili, Georgieva, Stanimira, Dedetas, Hatice, Scarpate, Melissa, Wass, S. and Leong, Victoria 2018. Toward a Neuroscientific Understanding of Play: A Dimensional Coding Framework for Analyzing Infant–Adult Play Patterns. Frontiers in Psychology. 9, p. Art. 273.
New meanings of thin-skinned: The contrasting attentional profiles of typical 12-month-olds who show high, and low, stress reactivity.
Wass, S., de Barbaro, Kaya, Clackson, Kaili and Leong, Victoria 2018. New meanings of thin-skinned: The contrasting attentional profiles of typical 12-month-olds who show high, and low, stress reactivity. Developmental Psychology. 54 (5), pp. 816-828.
How orchids concentrate? The relationship between physiological stress reactivity and cognitive performance during infancy and early childhood
Wass, S. 2018. How orchids concentrate? The relationship between physiological stress reactivity and cognitive performance during infancy and early childhood. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews. 90, pp. 34-49.
Infants' visual sustained attention is higher during joint play than solo play: is this due to increased endogenous attention control or exogenous stimulus capture?
Wass, S., Clackson, Kaili, Georgieva, Stanimira D, Brightman, Laura, Nutbrown, Rebecca and Leong, Victoria 2018. Infants' visual sustained attention is higher during joint play than solo play: is this due to increased endogenous attention control or exogenous stimulus capture? Developmental Science. 21 (6), p. e12667.
Blending Human and Artificial Intelligence to Support Autistic Children’s Social Communication Skills
Porayska-Pomsta, Kaśka, Keay-Bright, Wendy, Kossyvaki, Lila, Lemon, Oliver, Mademtzi, Marilena, Menzies, Rachel, Pain, Helen, Rajendran, Gnanathusharan, Waller, Annalu, Wass, S., Smith, Tim J., Alcorn, Alyssa M., Avramides, Katerina, Beale, Sandra, Bernardini, Sara, Foster, Mary Ellen, Frauenberger, Christopher, Good, Judith and Guldberg, Karen 2018. Blending Human and Artificial Intelligence to Support Autistic Children’s Social Communication Skills. ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction. 25 (6), p. Art. 35.
Elevated physiological arousal is associated with larger but more variable neural responses to small acoustic change in children during a passive auditory attention task
Wass, S., Daubney, K., Golan, J., Logan, F. and Kushnerenko, E. 2018. Elevated physiological arousal is associated with larger but more variable neural responses to small acoustic change in children during a passive auditory attention task. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience. 37 (Art. 100612).
Erratum to: Attention training for infants at familial risk of ADHD (INTERSTAARS): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial
Goodwin, Amy, Salomone, Simona, Bolton, Patrick, Charman, Tony, Jones, Emily J.H., Mason, Luke, Pickles, Andrew, Robinson, Emily, Smith, Tim, Sonuga-Barke, Edmund J.S., Wass, S. and Johnson, Mark H. 2017. Erratum to: Attention training for infants at familial risk of ADHD (INTERSTAARS): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials. 18 (1), p. 419.
Changes in behaviour and salivary cortisol following targeted cognitive training in typical 12-month-old infants
Wass, S., Cook, Clare and Clackson, Kaili 2017. Changes in behaviour and salivary cortisol following targeted cognitive training in typical 12-month-old infants. Developmental Psychology. 53 (5), pp. 815-825.
Sustained Attention in the Face of Distractors: A Study of Children with Rett Syndrome
Rose, Susan A., Wass, S., Jankowski, James J., Feldman, Judith F. and Djukic, Aleksandra 2017. Sustained Attention in the Face of Distractors: A Study of Children with Rett Syndrome. Neuropsychology. 31 (4), pp. 403-410.
Stress reactivity speeds basic encoding processes in infants
de Barbaro, Kaya, Clackson, Kaili and Wass, S. 2016. Stress reactivity speeds basic encoding processes in infants. Developmental Psychobiology. 58 (5), pp. 546-555.
Temporal dynamics of arousal and attention in 12-month-old infants
Wass, S., Clackson, K. and de Barbaro, K. 2016. Temporal dynamics of arousal and attention in 12-month-old infants. Developmental Psychobiology. 58 (5), pp. 623-639.
Attention training for infants at familial risk of ADHD (INTERSTAARS): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial
Goodwin, Amy, Salomone, Simona, Bolton, Patrick, Charman, Tony, Jones, Emily J. H., Pickles, Andrew, Robinson, Emily, Smith, Tim, Sonuga-Barke, Edmund J. S., Wass, S. and Johnson, Mark H. 2016. Attention training for infants at familial risk of ADHD (INTERSTAARS): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials. 17 (1), p. 608.
Training Basic Visual Attention Leads to Changes in Responsiveness to Social‐Communicative Cues in 9‐Month‐Olds
Forssman, Linda and Wass, S. 2017. Training Basic Visual Attention Leads to Changes in Responsiveness to Social‐Communicative Cues in 9‐Month‐Olds. Child Development. 89 (3), pp. e199-e213.
Developmental Psychology: How Social Context Influences Infants’ Attention
Wass, S. and Leong, Victoria 2016. Developmental Psychology: How Social Context Influences Infants’ Attention. Current Biology. 26 (9), pp. R357-R359.
Infant Attention Is Dynamically Modulated With Changing Arousal Levels
de Barbaro, Kaya, Clackson, Kaili and Wass, S. 2016. Infant Attention Is Dynamically Modulated With Changing Arousal Levels. Child Development. 88 (2), pp. 629-639.