Toward a Neuroscientific Understanding of Play: A Dimensional Coding Framework for Analyzing Infant–Adult Play Patterns

Article


Neale, Dave, Clackson, Kaili, Georgieva, Stanimira, Dedetas, Hatice, Scarpate, Melissa, Wass, S. and Leong, Victoria 2018. Toward a Neuroscientific Understanding of Play: A Dimensional Coding Framework for Analyzing Infant–Adult Play Patterns. Frontiers in Psychology. 9, p. Art. 273.
AuthorsNeale, Dave, Clackson, Kaili, Georgieva, Stanimira, Dedetas, Hatice, Scarpate, Melissa, Wass, S. and Leong, Victoria
Abstract

Play during early life is a ubiquitous activity, and an individual’s propensity for play is positively related to cognitive development and emotional well-being. Play behavior (which may be solitary or shared with a social partner) is diverse and multi-faceted. A challenge for current research is to converge on a common definition and measurement system for play – whether examined at a behavioral, cognitive or neurological level. Combining these different approaches in a multimodal analysis could yield significant advances in understanding the neurocognitive mechanisms of play, and provide the basis for developing biologically grounded play models. However, there is currently no integrated framework for conducting a multimodal analysis of play that spans brain, cognition and behavior. The proposed coding framework uses grounded and observable behaviors along three dimensions (sensorimotor, cognitive and socio-emotional), to compute inferences about playful behavior in a social context, and related social interactional states. Here, we illustrate the sensitivity and utility of the proposed coding framework using two contrasting dyadic corpora (N = 5) of mother-infant object-oriented interactions during experimental conditions that were either non-conducive (Condition 1) or conducive (Condition 2) to the emergence of playful behavior. We find that the framework accurately identifies the modal form of social interaction as being either non-playful (Condition 1) or playful (Condition 2), and further provides useful insights about differences in the quality of social interaction and temporal synchronicity within the dyad. It is intended that this fine-grained coding of play behavior will be easily assimilated with, and inform, future analysis of neural data that is also collected during adult–infant play. In conclusion, here, we present a novel framework for analyzing the continuous time-evolution of adult–infant play patterns, underpinned by biologically informed state coding along sensorimotor, cognitive and socio-emotional dimensions. We expect that the proposed framework will have wide utility amongst researchers wishing to employ an integrated, multimodal approach to the study of play, and lead toward a greater understanding of the neuroscientific basis of play. It may also yield insights into a new biologically grounded taxonomy of play interactions.

JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Journal citation9, p. Art. 273
ISSN1664-1078
Year2018
PublisherFrontiers Media
Publisher's version
License
Supplemental file
License
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00273
Web address (URL)https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00273
Publication dates
Online21 Mar 2018
Publication process dates
Deposited20 Aug 2018
Accepted19 Feb 2018
Accepted19 Feb 2018
FunderEconomic and Social Research Council
Nanyang Technological University
Economic and Social Research Council
Economic and Social Research Council
Nanyang Technological University
Economic and Social Research Council
Copyright information© 2018 The authors
Permalink -

https://repository.uel.ac.uk/item/84896

  • 8
    total views
  • 74
    total downloads
  • 3
    views this month
  • 7
    downloads this month

Related outputs

A psychophysiological investigation of the interplay between orienting and executive control during stimulus conflict: A heart rate variability study
Sørensen, L., Wass, S., Osnes, B., Schanche, E., Adolfsdottir, S., Svendsen, J. L., Visted, E., Eilertsen, T., Jensen, D. A., Nordby, H., Fasmer, O. B., Binder, P. E., Koenig, J. and Sonuga-Barke, E. 2019. A psychophysiological investigation of the interplay between orienting and executive control during stimulus conflict: A heart rate variability study. Physiology & Behavior.
Influences of environmental stressors on autonomic function in 12-month-old infants: understanding early common pathways to atypical emotion regulation and cognitive performance
Wass, S., Smith, C. G., Daubney, K., Suata, Z. M., Clackson, K., Begum, A. and Mizra, F. U. 2019. Influences of environmental stressors on autonomic function in 12-month-old infants: understanding early common pathways to atypical emotion regulation and cognitive performance. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry.
Parents mimic and influence their infant’s autonomic state through dynamic affective state matching
Wass, S., Smith, C. G., Clackson, K., Gibb, C., Eitzenberger, J. and Mirza, F. U. 2019. Parents mimic and influence their infant’s autonomic state through dynamic affective state matching. Current Biology. 24 (14), pp. 2415-2422.
Shorter spontaneous fixation durations in infants with later emerging autism
Wass, S., Jones, Emily J. H., Gliga, Teodora, Smith, Tim J., Charman, Tony and Johnson, Mark H. 2015. Shorter spontaneous fixation durations in infants with later emerging autism. Scientific Reports. 5 (1), p. Art. 8284.
Impaired Visual Search in Children with Rett Syndrome
Rose, Susan A., Wass, S., Jankowski, Jeffery J., Feldman, Judith F. and Djukic, Aleksandra 2018. Impaired Visual Search in Children with Rett Syndrome. Pediatric Neurology. 92, pp. 26-31.
Parental neural responsivity to infants’ visual attention: how mature brains influence immature brains during social interaction
Wass, S., Noreika, V., Georgieva, S., Clackson, K., Brightman, L., Nutbrown, R., Santamaria, L. and Leong, V. 2018. Parental neural responsivity to infants’ visual attention: how mature brains influence immature brains during social interaction. PLoS Biology. 16 (2), p. e2006328.
Attentional Shifting and Disengagement in Rett Syndrome
Rose, Susan A., Wass, S., Jankowski, Jeffery J., Feldman, Judith F. and Djukic, Aleksandra 2019. Attentional Shifting and Disengagement in Rett Syndrome. Neuropsychology. 33 (3), pp. 335-342.
Speaker Gaze Increases Information Coupling Between Infant and Adult Brains
Leong, Victoria, Byrne, Elizabeth, Clackson, Kaili, Georgieva, Stanimira, Lam, Sarah and Wass, S. 2017. Speaker Gaze Increases Information Coupling Between Infant and Adult Brains. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 114 (50), pp. 13290-13295.
New meanings of thin-skinned: The contrasting attentional profiles of typical 12-month-olds who show high, and low, stress reactivity.
Wass, S., de Barbaro, Kaya, Clackson, Kaili and Leong, Victoria 2018. New meanings of thin-skinned: The contrasting attentional profiles of typical 12-month-olds who show high, and low, stress reactivity. Developmental Psychology. 54 (5), pp. 816-828.
Increases in Arousal are More Long-Lasting than Decreases in Arousal: On Homeostatic Failures During Emotion Regulation in Infancy
Wass, S., Clackson, Kaili and Leong, Vicky 2018. Increases in Arousal are More Long-Lasting than Decreases in Arousal: On Homeostatic Failures During Emotion Regulation in Infancy. Infancy. 23 (5), pp. 628-649.
How orchids concentrate? The relationship between physiological stress reactivity and cognitive performance during infancy and early childhood
Wass, S. 2018. How orchids concentrate? The relationship between physiological stress reactivity and cognitive performance during infancy and early childhood. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews. 90, pp. 34-49.
Infants' visual sustained attention is higher during joint play than solo play: is this due to increased endogenous attention control or exogenous stimulus capture?
Wass, S., Clackson, Kaili, Georgieva, Stanimira D, Brightman, Laura, Nutbrown, Rebecca and Leong, Victoria 2018. Infants' visual sustained attention is higher during joint play than solo play: is this due to increased endogenous attention control or exogenous stimulus capture? Developmental Science. 21 (6), p. e12667.
Blending Human and Artificial Intelligence to Support Autistic Children’s Social Communication Skills
Porayska-Pomsta, Kaśka, Keay-Bright, Wendy, Kossyvaki, Lila, Lemon, Oliver, Mademtzi, Marilena, Menzies, Rachel, Pain, Helen, Rajendran, Gnanathusharan, Waller, Annalu, Wass, S., Smith, Tim J., Alcorn, Alyssa M., Avramides, Katerina, Beale, Sandra, Bernardini, Sara, Foster, Mary Ellen, Frauenberger, Christopher, Good, Judith and Guldberg, Karen 2018. Blending Human and Artificial Intelligence to Support Autistic Children’s Social Communication Skills. ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction. 25 (6), p. Art. 35.
Elevated physiological arousal is associated with larger but more variable neural responses to small acoustic change in children during a passive auditory attention task
Wass, S., Daubney, K., Golan, J., Logan, F. and Kushnerenko, E. 2018. Elevated physiological arousal is associated with larger but more variable neural responses to small acoustic change in children during a passive auditory attention task. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience. 37 (Art. 100612).
Erratum to: Attention training for infants at familial risk of ADHD (INTERSTAARS): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial
Goodwin, Amy, Salomone, Simona, Bolton, Patrick, Charman, Tony, Jones, Emily J.H., Mason, Luke, Pickles, Andrew, Robinson, Emily, Smith, Tim, Sonuga-Barke, Edmund J.S., Wass, S. and Johnson, Mark H. 2017. Erratum to: Attention training for infants at familial risk of ADHD (INTERSTAARS): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials. 18 (1), p. 419.
Changes in behaviour and salivary cortisol following targeted cognitive training in typical 12-month-old infants
Wass, S., Cook, Clare and Clackson, Kaili 2017. Changes in behaviour and salivary cortisol following targeted cognitive training in typical 12-month-old infants. Developmental Psychology. 53 (5), pp. 815-825.
Sustained Attention in the Face of Distractors: A Study of Children with Rett Syndrome
Rose, Susan A., Wass, S., Jankowski, James J., Feldman, Judith F. and Djukic, Aleksandra 2017. Sustained Attention in the Face of Distractors: A Study of Children with Rett Syndrome. Neuropsychology. 31 (4), pp. 403-410.
Stress reactivity speeds basic encoding processes in infants
de Barbaro, Kaya, Clackson, Kaili and Wass, S. 2016. Stress reactivity speeds basic encoding processes in infants. Developmental Psychobiology. 58 (5), pp. 546-555.
Temporal dynamics of arousal and attention in 12-month-old infants
Wass, S., Clackson, K. and de Barbaro, K. 2016. Temporal dynamics of arousal and attention in 12-month-old infants. Developmental Psychobiology. 58 (5), pp. 623-639.
Attention training for infants at familial risk of ADHD (INTERSTAARS): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial
Goodwin, Amy, Salomone, Simona, Bolton, Patrick, Charman, Tony, Jones, Emily J. H., Pickles, Andrew, Robinson, Emily, Smith, Tim, Sonuga-Barke, Edmund J. S., Wass, S. and Johnson, Mark H. 2016. Attention training for infants at familial risk of ADHD (INTERSTAARS): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials. 17 (1), p. 608.
Training Basic Visual Attention Leads to Changes in Responsiveness to Social‐Communicative Cues in 9‐Month‐Olds
Forssman, Linda and Wass, S. 2017. Training Basic Visual Attention Leads to Changes in Responsiveness to Social‐Communicative Cues in 9‐Month‐Olds. Child Development. 89 (3), pp. e199-e213.
Developmental Psychology: How Social Context Influences Infants’ Attention
Wass, S. and Leong, Victoria 2016. Developmental Psychology: How Social Context Influences Infants’ Attention. Current Biology. 26 (9), pp. R357-R359.
Infant Attention Is Dynamically Modulated With Changing Arousal Levels
de Barbaro, Kaya, Clackson, Kaili and Wass, S. 2016. Infant Attention Is Dynamically Modulated With Changing Arousal Levels. Child Development. 88 (2), pp. 629-639.