Stress reactivity speeds basic encoding processes in infants

Article


de Barbaro, Kaya, Clackson, Kaili and Wass, S. 2016. Stress reactivity speeds basic encoding processes in infants. Developmental Psychobiology. 58 (5), pp. 546-555.
Authorsde Barbaro, Kaya, Clackson, Kaili and Wass, S.
Abstract

Acute stress attenuates frontal lobe functioning and increases distractibility while enhancing subcortical processes in both human and nonhuman animals (reviewed by Arnsten [2009] Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 10(6):410–422). To date however these relations have not been examined for their potential effects in developing populations. Here, we examined the relationship between stress reactivity (infants' heart rate response to watching videos of another child crying) and infant performance on measures of looking duration and visual recognition memory. Our findings indicate that infants with increased stress reactivity showed shorter look durations and more novelty preference. Thus, stress appears to lead to a faster, more stimulus-ready attentional profile in infants. Additional work is required to assess potential negative consequences of stimulus-responsivity, such as decreased focus or distractibility. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Dev Psychobiol 58: 546–555, 2016.

Keywordsattention; recognition memory; stress; stress reactivity; human infant; physiology; locus coruleous
JournalDevelopmental Psychobiology
Journal citation58 (5), pp. 546-555
ISSN0012-1630
1098-2302
Year2016
PublisherWiley for International Society of Developmental Psychobiology
Accepted author manuscript
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1002/dev.21399
Publication dates
Print18 Mar 2016
Publication process dates
Deposited17 May 2017
Accepted08 Feb 2016
FunderBritish Academy Postdoctoral Fellowship
Medical Research Council
British Academy Postdoctoral Fellowship
Medical Research Council
Copyright information© 2016 Wiley. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: de Barbaro, K., Clackson, K. and Wass, S. (2016), Stress reactivity speeds basic encoding processes in infants. Dev Psychobiol, 58: 546–555, which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/dev.21399. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
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