Research Review: Do parent ratings of infant negative emotionality and self‐regulation predict psychopathology in childhood and adolescence? A systematic review and meta‐analysis of prospective longitudinal studies

Article


Kostyrka-Allchorne, K., Wass, S. and Sonuga‐Barke, E. J. S. 2019. Research Review: Do parent ratings of infant negative emotionality and self‐regulation predict psychopathology in childhood and adolescence? A systematic review and meta‐analysis of prospective longitudinal studies. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry.
AuthorsKostyrka-Allchorne, K., Wass, S. and Sonuga‐Barke, E. J. S.
Abstract

Background

Identifying low‐cost and easy to implement measures of infant markers of later psychopathology may improve targeting of early intervention for prevention. Because of their early manifestation, relative stability and overlap with constructs central to affect‐based dimensions of child and adolescent psychopathology, negative emotionality and self‐regulation have been the focus of this research. We conducted a meta‐analysis of longitudinal studies examining the prospective association between infant temperament measured with parent ratings and child/adolescent psychopathology.

Methods

A systematic literature search for prospective longitudinal studies, which included measures of questionnaire‐assessed infant temperament (negative emotionality, self‐regulation, behavioural inhibition, surgency/extraversion, activity level) and symptoms of child or adolescent mental health (externalising, internalising) and neurodevelopmental problems (attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD], autism spectrum disorder [ASD]), was conducted. Standardised estimates of association were calculated and pooled in meta‐analyses.

Results

Twenty‐five studies (n = 28,425) met inclusion criteria. Small associations were seen between psychopathology aggregated across all domains and infant negative emotionality (r = .15; p < .001) and self‐regulation (r = −.19; p = .007). Effects were also significant but weaker for behavioural inhibition (r = .10; p = .027) and activity level (r = .08; p = .016). Surgency/extraversion was not significantly associated with psychopathology in general (r = −.04; p = .094); however, it was negatively associated with ASD (r = −.10, p = .015). Significant correlations were observed with some outcomes isomorphic with predictors, internalising problems and behavioural inhibition (r = .10; p = .013), ADHD symptoms and activity level (r = .19; p = .009).

Conclusion

Questionnaire‐based assessments of infant negative emotionality may have transdiagnostic potential to contribute to a risk index of later childhood psychopathology. Behavioural inhibition, surgency/extraversion and activity ratings may provide more specific predictive power. More data from prospective studies are required before the potential of self‐regulation and surgency/extraversion can be properly gauged.

JournalJournal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry
ISSN0021-9630
Year2019
PublisherWiley for Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Accepted author manuscript
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Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1111/jcpp.13144
Web address (URL)https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.13144
Publication dates
Online06 Nov 2019
Publication process dates
Accepted22 Sep 2019
Deposited19 Nov 2019
FunderNIHR Maudsley Biomedical Research Centre
Copyright holder© 2019 Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Copyright informationThis is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Kostyrka‐Allchorne, K. , Wass, S. V. and Sonuga‐Barke, E. J. (2019), Research Review: Do parent ratings of infant negative emotionality and self‐regulation predict psychopathology in childhood and adolescence? A systematic review and meta‐analysis of prospective longitudinal studies. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, which has been published in final form at doi:10.1111/jcpp.13144. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.
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Accepted author manuscript

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