Visuo-tactile stimulation, but not type of movement, modulates pain during the vision of a moving virtual limb
Gordon, C., Barbullushi, A., Tombolini, S., Margiotta, F., Ciacci, A., Sheck, L., Barker, L. and Martini, M. 2019. Visuo-tactile stimulation, but not type of movement, modulates pain during the vision of a moving virtual limb. Pain Management.
|Authors||Gordon, C., Barbullushi, A., Tombolini, S., Margiotta, F., Ciacci, A., Sheck, L., Barker, L. and Martini, M.|
Aims: Evidence has revealed a relationship between pain and the observation of limb movement, but it is unknown whether different types of movements have diverse modulating effects. In this immersive virtual reality study we explored the effect of the vision of different virtual arm movements (arm vs. wrist) on pain threshold from heat applied to the wrist. Patients & Methods: Forty healthy participants underwent four conditions in virtual reality while heat pain thresholds were measured. Visuo-tactile stimulation was used to attempt to modulate the feeling of virtual limb ownership. Results: Effects on pain threshold were present for type of stimulation but not type of movement. Conclusions: The type of observed movement does not appear to influence pain modulation, at least not during acute pain states.
|Accepted author manuscript|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||doi:10.2217/pmt-2019-0019|
|Web address (URL)||https://doi.org/10.2217/pmt-2019-0019|
|Online||27 Aug 2019|
|Publication process dates|
|Accepted||24 Jun 2019|
|Funder||University of East London (UEL)|
|Copyright holder||© 2019 Future Medicine.|
Accepted author manuscript
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