Systematic review of diabetes management among black African immigrants, white and South Asian populations

Article


Alloh, F., Hemingway, A. and Turner-Wilson, A. 2019. Systematic review of diabetes management among black African immigrants, white and South Asian populations. Journal of Global Health Reports. 3 (Art. 2019020).
AuthorsAlloh, F., Hemingway, A. and Turner-Wilson, A.
Abstract

Background This study aims to explore the differences in the management of di-abetes outcomes and prevalence among black Africans, white and South Asian populations living in western countries from published evidence. This review in-corporates findings from differences in diabetes management outcome among black Africans compared to white and South Asian populations.

Methods A systematic search of major electronic databases with peer review pub-lications was conducted. PubMed, CIHNAL, Medline, Web of Science, Scopus, and Science direct databases were searched from 2007-2018. Relevant journals and ci-tations from references were searched for selection in the review. Data were ana-lysed to understand differences in diabetes outcomes among these populations.

Results Fifteen articles met the inclusion criteria out of the sixty-six articles re-trieved and included in the review. Majority of the articles were cross-sectional quantitative studies (n=10) and qualitative studies (n=5). Diabetes prevalence and outcome measures such as haemoglobin A1c, blood pressure, cholesterol and body mass index were reported to be higher among black African than white popula-tions. The data showed disparity in diabetes management among black Africans as compared to white and South Asian groups.

Conclusions The poorer health outcomes reported among black Africans as com-pared to white and South Asian populations suggest poor diabetes management. Further research is needed to understand why there is such disparity in the health outcome of black African populations living with diabetes in western countries. There is a need to have a consistent target outcome measure in studies. Further synthesis was not possible due to differences in outcome measures used by studies reviewed.

JournalJournal of Global Health Reports
Journal citation3 (Art. 2019020)
ISSN 2399-1623
Year2019
PublisherInternational Society of Global Health
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Anyone
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.29392/joghr.3.e2019020
Web address (URL)https://doi.org/10.29392/joghr.3.e2019020
Publication dates
Online01 Apr 2019
Publication process dates
Deposited14 May 2020
Copyright holder© 2019 The Authors
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