The Hypothesised Female ASC Phenotype: Implications for Research and Practice

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Wood, H. and Wong, B. 2017. The Hypothesised Female ASC Phenotype: Implications for Research and Practice. Educational Psychology Research and Practice. 3 (2), p. 50–58. https://doi.org/10.15123/uel.88721
AuthorsWood, H. and Wong, B.
Abstract

There is a growing body of evidence suggesting that the behavioural manifestation of autism spectrum condition (ASC) differs between males and females, and there may be a female-specific phenotype of the condition (Lai, Lombardo, Auyeung, Chakrabarti, & Baron-Cohen, 2015). However, current conceptualisations of ASC have been developed predominately from samples of males, meaning our understanding of the condition may be male-biased (Kirkovski, Enticott, & Fitzgerald, 2013). Consequently, ASC in females may be under-diagnosed because current assessments are based on a male-specific manifestation of the condition (Mandy et al., 2012). This paper begins with a review of qualitative literature exploring the experiences of females with ASC. Building upon identified themes, quantitative research is reviewed to ascertain whether there are sex/gender differences in four areas of the hypothesised ASC female phenotype. Preliminary evidence suggests there may be sex/gender differences in ASC, but more research is needed to fully substantiate this conclusion.

JournalEducational Psychology Research and Practice
Journal citation3 (2), p. 50–58
ISSN2059-8963
Year2017
PublisherSchool of Psychology, University of East London
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Anyone
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.15123/uel.88721
Publication dates
Online2017
Publication process dates
Deposited17 Sep 2020
Copyright holder© 2017 The Authors
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