Patient experience of lasting negative effects of psychological interventions for anxiety and depression in secondary mental health care services: a national cross-sectional study

Article


McQuaid, A., Sanatinia, R., Farquharson, L., Shah, P., Quirk, A., Baldwin, D. S. and Crawford, M. 2021. Patient experience of lasting negative effects of psychological interventions for anxiety and depression in secondary mental health care services: a national cross-sectional study. BMC Psychiatry. 21 (Art. 578). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-021-03588-2
AuthorsMcQuaid, A., Sanatinia, R., Farquharson, L., Shah, P., Quirk, A., Baldwin, D. S. and Crawford, M.
Abstract

Background

Patients who undergo psychological treatment can report both negative and positive effects, but evidence of factors influencing the likelihood of negative effects is limited.

Aims

To identify aspects of the organisation and delivery of secondary care psychological treatment services that are associated with patient experiences of negative effects.

Method

Cross-sectional survey of people with anxiety and depression who ended psychological treatment delivered by 50 NHS trusts in England. Respondents were asked about how their treatment was organised and delivered and whether they experienced lasting negative effects.

Results

Of 662 respondents, 90 (14.1%) reported experiencing lasting negative effects. People over the age of 65 were less likely than younger respondents to report negative effects. There was an association between reporting neutral or negative effects and not being referred at what respondents considered to be the right time (OR = 1.712, 95% CI = 1.078–2.726), not receiving the right number of sessions (OR = 3.105, 95% CI = 1.934–4.987), and not discussing progress with their therapist (OR 2.063, 95% CI = 1.290–3.301).

Conclusions

One in seven patients who took part in this survey reported lasting negative effects from psychological treatment. Steps should be taken to prepare people for the potential for negative experiences of treatment, and progress reviewed during therapy in an effort to identify and prevent negative effects.

JournalBMC Psychiatry
Journal citation21 (Art. 578)
ISSN1471-244X
Year2021
PublisherBMC
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Anyone
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-021-03588-2
Publication dates
Online17 Nov 2021
Publication process dates
Accepted22 Oct 2021
Deposited03 Dec 2021
FunderNIHR Imperial Biomedical Research Centre
Copyright holder© 2021 The Authors
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