Partially-conformal variations of the Standard Molodensky datum transformation

Article


Ruffhead, A. 2022. Partially-conformal variations of the Standard Molodensky datum transformation. Boletim de Ciências Geodésicas. 28 (Art. e2022021). https://doi.org/10.1590/s1982-21702022000400021
AuthorsRuffhead, A.
Abstract

Standard Molodensky is a recognised method of transforming coordinates between geodetic datums. Although less accurate than some other methods, it has the merit of being direct. That is to say it can be applied to geodetic coordinates, without involving Cartesian coordinates that give rise to difficulties in computing latitude. This paper considers the use of Standard Molodensky when at least one of the datums is 2D+1D in nature, meaning that that horizontal and vertical positions are obtained by different methods. This was generally the case before 3D positioning by satellites and is a widespread characteristic of local datums that are still used. The 2D+1D property weakens the argument for 3D conformality, and invites the possibility that different translation parameters might be used for horizontal and vertical shifts. The possibility of including a Z-rotation as a 7th parameter is also considered. Besides being ideal for those who favour the simplicity of Standard Molodensky, the variations introduced in this paper offer significant improvements in accuracy such as error reductions of 75%, 69% and 99% in the three selected case studies.

JournalBoletim de Ciências Geodésicas
Journal citation28 (Art. e2022021)
ISSN1982-2170
Year2022
PublisherFederal University of Paraná
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Anyone
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1590/s1982-21702022000400021
Publication dates
Online12 Dec 2022
Publication process dates
Accepted11 Sep 2022
Deposited02 Mar 2023
Copyright holder© 2022 The Author
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