The 2021 NICE guidelines for assessment and management of chronic pain: A cross-sectional study mapping against a sample of 1,000* in the community

Article


Zambelli, Z., Halstead, E. J., Iles, R., Fidalgo, A. R. and Dimitriou, D. 2022. The 2021 NICE guidelines for assessment and management of chronic pain: A cross-sectional study mapping against a sample of 1,000* in the community. British Journal of Pain. 16 (4), pp. 439-449. https://doi.org/10.1177/20494637221083837
AuthorsZambelli, Z., Halstead, E. J., Iles, R., Fidalgo, A. R. and Dimitriou, D.
Abstract

Objectives
To characterise the prevailing pharmacological and non-pharmacological pain management strategies among adults with chronic pain, comparing these against the newly published NICE guidelines NG-193, and examine these pre-NG-193 pain management strategies in relation to pain severity, pain interference, sleep quality and mental health outcomes.

Design
This study was conducted using a cross-sectional online survey study design.

Setting
This study was conducted on a community-dwelling cohort.

Participants
Adults aged 18+, living in the UK, with diagnosis of chronic pain by a health care professional.

Main outcome measures
Primary outcomes were characterisation of the pain management strategies utilised. Secondary outcomes were related to pain severity, pain interference, sleep quality, depression and anxiety via validated self-report measures.

Results
Several strategies were employed by respondents to manage their chronic pain condition including physical therapy, exercise, psychological therapy and pharmacological therapy. The data also indicated a high level of joint-care planning among patients and their clinicians. Some group differences were found in relation to pain, sleep and mental health outcomes.

Conclusion
This study set a comparative starting baseline to which the efficacy of the NG-193 may be compared in future years. There is evidence that NICE recommendations are being followed for the management of chronic primary pain conditions; however, pharmacological use of opioid drugs is still reported by 47%. Despite the confirmed evidence in this study of small efficacy of chronic pain by pharmacological agent, the reduction in the use of pain relief medications be it over the counter medications or prescription opioids, as recommended by NG-193, may be slow to be adopted. The data suggest that more care provision is needed to meet the recommendations around pharmacological management and review.

JournalBritish Journal of Pain
Journal citation16 (4), pp. 439-449
ISSN 2049-4637
Year2022
PublisherSAGE Publications
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Anyone
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1177/20494637221083837
Publication dates
Online05 Apr 2022
PrintAug 2022
Publication process dates
Deposited22 Jan 2024
FunderEconomic and Social Research Council (ESRC)
Copyright holder© 2022, The Authors
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https://repository.uel.ac.uk/item/8x2q5

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