Racialised norms in apprenticeship systems in England and Germany

Article


Chadderton, C. and Wischmann, Anke 2014. Racialised norms in apprenticeship systems in England and Germany. Journal of Vocational Education & Training. 66 (3), pp. 330-347.
AuthorsChadderton, C. and Wischmann, Anke
Abstract

In this paper, we consider the issue of the under-representation of young people from minority ethnic/migrant backgrounds in apprenticeships in England and Germany. Whilst there are many studies on apprenticeships in England and Germany, few focus on under-representation or discrimination, even fewer on ethnic under-representation, and there are no comparative studies of the topic. We review the existing literature and drawing on Critical Race Theory, we argue that most studies on apprenticeships and ethnicity tend to confirm rather than challenge stereotypes of these minority groups, and to view young people as autonomous agents able to make (relatively) free choices. We argue that connections should be made between ethnic under-representation and studies of the racial segmentation of the labour market. Drawing on these studies of the labour market, we suggest, innovatively but perhaps somewhat controversially, that it is likely that racialised norms shape expectations of the worker and migrant worker, and of who fits where in the labour markets and vocational training systems. Further, we argue that this challenges popular notions of what constitutes career ‘choices’ on the part of young people.

JournalJournal of Vocational Education & Training
Journal citation66 (3), pp. 330-347
ISSN1747-5090
1363-6820
Year2014
PublisherTaylor & Francis
Accepted author manuscript
License
CC BY-ND
Web address (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13636820.2014.917693
Publication dates
Print09 Jun 2014
Publication process dates
Deposited13 Jun 2014
Accepted16 Apr 2014
FunderUniversity of East London (Early Career Researchers' Accelerator Grant)
Copyright information(c) Taylor & Francis 2014. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis Group in Journal of Vocational Education & Training on 09.06.14, available online at: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/13636820.2014.917693.
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