A case of selective impairment of encyclopaedic numerical knowledge or ‘when December 25th is no longer Christmas day, but ‘20 + 5’ is still 25

Article


Cappelletti, Marinella, Jansari, A., Kopelman, Michael and Butterworth, Brian 2008. A case of selective impairment of encyclopaedic numerical knowledge or ‘when December 25th is no longer Christmas day, but ‘20 + 5’ is still 25. Cortex. 44 (3), pp. 325-336.
AuthorsCappelletti, Marinella, Jansari, A., Kopelman, Michael and Butterworth, Brian
Abstract

This study investigates encyclopaedic numerical knowledge in a patient with a presumed left temporal dysfunction, associated with temporal lobe epilepsy. Encyclopaedic numbers are those used
as nominal labels (such as in ‘British Broadcasting Corporation – BBC 1’ or ‘Levis 501’) to express familiar or historical dates (e.g., our birthday or the French revolution, 1789) and to indicate other
general or autobiographical numerical information (e.g., Personal Identification numbers – PINs, post-codes, telephone numbers). We showed a dissociation between impaired processing of encyclopaedic numbers and preserved processing of non-encyclopaedic numbers (e.g., the larger
between 54 and 65 or the result of ‘6 × 9’). This dissociation complements the existing data showing the reverse pattern of performance, namely an advantage for encyclopaedic compared to nonencyclopaedic
numbers. These data add important information on an aspect of numerical processing that has not yet been systematically explored and reinforce the distinction between numerical and
non-numerical knowledge in the semantic system.

KeywordsNumerical processing; Encyclopaedic knowledge; Semantics
JournalCortex
Journal citation44 (3), pp. 325-336
ISSN0010-9452
Year2008
Accepted author manuscript
License
CC BY-ND
Web address (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2006.07.005
http://hdl.handle.net/10552/423
Publication dates
PrintMar 2008
Publication process dates
Deposited04 Dec 2009
Additional information

Citation:
Cappelletti, M. et al. (2008) ‘A case of selective impairment of encyclopaedic numerical knowledge or ‘when December 25th is no longer Christmas day, but ‘20 + 5’ is still 25”, Cortex 44 (3) 325-336..

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