Fire Safety in High-Rise Buildings: Is the Stay-Put Tactic a Misjudgement or Magnificent Strategy?

Article


Arewa, A., Ahmed, A., Edwards, D. J. and Nwankwo, C. 2021. Fire Safety in High-Rise Buildings: Is the Stay-Put Tactic a Misjudgement or Magnificent Strategy? Buildings. 11 (Art. 339). https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11080339
AuthorsArewa, A., Ahmed, A., Edwards, D. J. and Nwankwo, C.
Abstract

Historically, fire incidents in high-rise buildings reveal that Fire and Rescue Services frequently rely on the stay-put tactic (i.e., occupants of high-rise buildings should remain in their apartments) during an inferno. Recent fire occurrences in high-rise buildings reveal that there are two opposing viewpoints on the stay-put tactic. First, the understanding that the stay-put tactic is a beneficial practice used to protect, control, and facilitate smooth evacuation of occupants during fire incidents. Second, the argument that the stay-put tactic is a misjudgement and futile strategy that leads to fatalities, particularly in high-rise buildings. The aim of this study was to provide awareness and understanding of fire and rescue services use of the stay-put tactic in high-rise buildings. We attempted to answer the questions: is the stay-put tactic a misjudgement or magnificent strategy? The study adopted phenomenological research strategies with various focus groups consisting of seasoned firefighters and survivors with first-hand accounts of stay-put instructions in high-rise buildings. The study also scrutinised three case studies of fire incidents in high-rise buildings in two countries. The study revealed that the stay-put tactic is obsolete; with the potential to cause catastrophic misjudgement, mostly during conflagrations in high-rise buildings. There is a need to advance research on the use of artificial intelligence communication systems and infrared image detectors camera to enhance quick and smooth fire evacuation in high-rise buildings.

JournalBuildings
Journal citation11 (Art. 339)
ISSN2075-5309
Year2021
PublisherMDPI
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Anyone
Supplemental file
Supplemental file
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11080339
Publication dates
Online06 Aug 2021
Publication process dates
Accepted27 Jul 2021
Deposited12 Aug 2021
Copyright holder© 2021 The Authors
Permalink -

https://repository.uel.ac.uk/item/899y5

Download files


Publisher's version
buildings-11-00339.pdf
License: CC BY 4.0
File access level: Anyone


Supplemental file
  • 143
    total views
  • 246
    total downloads
  • 8
    views this month
  • 7
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Exploring nuanced approach to criminalization of late payers in the construction sector
Arewa, A., Olybodun, F. and Swai, L. P. 2023. Exploring nuanced approach to criminalization of late payers in the construction sector. International Journal of Construction Management. 24 (10), pp. 1136-1144. https://doi.org/10.1080/15623599.2022.2163107
Theories of Costs of Health and Safety Compliance and Non-Compliance with Regulations
Olatoye, O. G., Tann, D., Arewa, A. O. and Olubodun, F. 2023. Theories of Costs of Health and Safety Compliance and Non-Compliance with Regulations. 2023 CIB W099 & W123 Annual International Conference: Digital Transformation of Health and Safety in Construction. Porto, Portugal 21 Jun - 22 Jul 2023 Faculty of Engineering of the University of Porto. https://doi.org/10.24840/978-972-752-309-2
Integrated Performance Optimization of Higher Education Buildings Using Low-Energy Renovation Process and User Engagement
Ahmed, A., Mateo-Garcia, M., Arewa, A. and Caratella, K. 2021. Integrated Performance Optimization of Higher Education Buildings Using Low-Energy Renovation Process and User Engagement. Energies. 14 (5), p. 1475. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14051475
Analysis of accidents caused by human factors in the oil and gas industry using the HFACS-OGI framework
Nwankwo, C. D., Arewa, A., Theophilus, S. C. and Esenowo, V. N. 2021. Analysis of accidents caused by human factors in the oil and gas industry using the HFACS-OGI framework. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics. 28 (3), pp. 1642-1654. https://doi.org/10.1080/10803548.2021.1916238
Energy Efficiency in Buildings and Excess Summer Mortality in the UK
Abdi A. M., Arewa, A., Tyrer M. and Ugulu R. A. 2020. Energy Efficiency in Buildings and Excess Summer Mortality in the UK. International Conference on Civil Infrastructure and Construction (CIC2020). Doha, Qatar 02 - 05 Feb 2020 Qatar University Press. https://doi.org/10.29117/cic.2020.0017
Preventive Approach to Unsubstantiated Claims and Disputes in the UK Construction Industry
Nosheen, A., Arewa, A. O. and Akhtar, H. M. 2020. Preventive Approach to Unsubstantiated Claims and Disputes in the UK Construction Industry. International Conference on Civil Infrastructure and Construction (CIC2020). Doha, Qatar 02 - 05 Feb 2020 Qatar University Press. https://doi.org/10.29117/cic.2020.0014
Unfair Payment Issues in Construction: Re-thinking Alternative Payment Method for Tier-1 Contractors to Subcontractors
Swai, L., Arewa, A. and Ugulu, R. A. 2020. Unfair Payment Issues in Construction: Re-thinking Alternative Payment Method for Tier-1 Contractors to Subcontractors. International Conference on Civil Infrastructure and Construction (CIC2020). Doha, Qatar 02 - 05 Feb 2020 Qatar University Press. https://doi.org/10.29117/cic.2020.0012
Project Specific Constraints Influencing Productivity of Tradespeople in the Nigerian Construction Industry
Ugulu, R. A., Arewa, A. and Allen, S. 2020. Project Specific Constraints Influencing Productivity of Tradespeople in the Nigerian Construction Industry. Built Environment Project and Asset Management. 10 (1), pp. 94-109. https://doi.org/10.1108/BEPAM-10-2018-0124
Effects of emerging technologies in minimising variations in construction projects in the UK
Noruwa, B. I., Arewa, A. and Merschbrock, C. 2020. Effects of emerging technologies in minimising variations in construction projects in the UK. International Journal of Construction Management. 22 (11), pp. 2199-2206. https://doi.org/10.1080/15623599.2020.1772530
A comparative analysis of process safety management (PSM) systems in the process industry
Nwankwo, C., Theophilus, S. C. and Arewa, A. 2020. A comparative analysis of process safety management (PSM) systems in the process industry. Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries. 66 (Art. 104171). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jlp.2020.104171
Relationship between labour productivity and curved wall construction in high-rise building projects
Ugulu, R., Arewa, A. and Stephen, A. 2019. Relationship between labour productivity and curved wall construction in high-rise building projects. ARCOM 2019: Association of Researchers in Construction Management 35th Annual Conference. Leeds, United Kingdom 02 - 04 Sep 2019 Association of Researchers in Construction Management.
The Role of Emotional Intelligence Factors in Workers’ Occupational Health and Safety Performance — A Case Study of the Petroleum Industry
Ifelebuegu, A. O., Martins, O. A., Theophilus, S. C. and Arewa, A. 2019. The Role of Emotional Intelligence Factors in Workers’ Occupational Health and Safety Performance — A Case Study of the Petroleum Industry. Safety. 5 (Art. 30). https://doi.org/10.3390/safety5020030
Institutional Foundations of Construction ICT: A View from the West Midlands of England
Noruwa, B., Merschbrock, C., Arewa, A. O. and Agyekum-Mensah, G. 2018. Institutional Foundations of Construction ICT: A View from the West Midlands of England. ARCOM 2018: 34th Association of Researchers in Construction Management Annual Conference. Belfast, Northern Ireland 03 - 05 Sep 2018 Association of Researchers in Construction Management.
Potentiality of Emerging Technologies to Minimise Late-Payments Quandary in Construction
Swai, L. L. P. and Arewa, A. O. 2018. Potentiality of Emerging Technologies to Minimise Late-Payments Quandary in Construction. ARCOM 2018: 34th Association of Researchers in Construction Management Annual Conference. Belfast, Northern Ireland 03 - 05 Sep 2018 Association of Researchers in Construction Management.
The application of Bayesian – Layer of Protection Analysis method for risk assessment of critical subsea gas compression systems
Arewa, A., Ifelebuegu, A. O., Awotu-Ukiri, E. O., Theophilus, S. C. and Bassey, E. 2018. The application of Bayesian – Layer of Protection Analysis method for risk assessment of critical subsea gas compression systems. Process Safety and Environmental Protection. 113 (2), pp. 305-318. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psep.2017.10.019
Analysis of Penalties Imposed on Organisations for Breaching Safety and Health Regulations in the UK
Arewa, A. O., Theophilus, S., Ifelebuegu, A. and Farrell, P. 2018. Analysis of Penalties Imposed on Organisations for Breaching Safety and Health Regulations in the UK. Safety and Health at Work. 9 (4), pp. 388-397. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shaw.2018.01.004
A Technique for the Retrospective and Predictive Analysis of Cognitive Errors for the Oil and Gas Industry (TRACEr-OGI)
Theophilus, S. C., Ekpenyong, I. E., Ifelebuegu, A. O., Arewa, A., Agyekum-Mensah, G. and Ajare, T. O. 2017. A Technique for the Retrospective and Predictive Analysis of Cognitive Errors for the Oil and Gas Industry (TRACEr-OGI). Safety. 3 (4), pp. 1-22. https://doi.org/10.3390/safety3040023
Human factors analysis and classification system for the oil and gas industry (HFACS-OGI)
Theophilus, S., Esenowo, V., Arewa, A., Ifelebuegu, A., Nnadi, E. O. and Mbanaso, F. 2017. Human factors analysis and classification system for the oil and gas industry (HFACS-OGI). Reliability Engineering and System Safety . 167, pp. 168-176. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ress.2017.05.036
The Culture of Construction Organisations: the Epitome of Institutionalised Corruption
Arewa, A. and Farrell, P. 2015. The Culture of Construction Organisations: the Epitome of Institutionalised Corruption. Construction Economics and Building. 15 (3), pp. 59-71. https://doi.org/10.5130/AJCEB.v15i3.4619
A review of construction SME safety performance; where are we and why?
Arewa, A. and Farrell, O. 2013. A review of construction SME safety performance; where are we and why? IPGRC 2013: International Post Graduate Research Conference . Salford, United Kingdom 08 - 10 Apr 2013 School of the Built Environment, University of Salford.
A review of compliance with health and safety and safety regulations and economic performance in small and medium construction enterprises
Arewa, A. O. and Farrell, P. 2012. A review of compliance with health and safety and safety regulations and economic performance in small and medium construction enterprises. ARCOM 2012: 28th Annual Association of Researchers in Construction Conference. Leeds, UK 03 - 05 Sep 2012 Association of Researchers in Construction Management.
An appraisal of health and safety costing and culture in construction
Arewa, A. 2011. An appraisal of health and safety costing and culture in construction. IPGRC 2011: International Post Graduate Research Conference. Salford, United Kingdom 14 - 15 Sep 2011 School of the Built Environment, University of Salford.
The Private Finance Initiative: Why value for money remains elusive
Arewa, A. and Farrell, P. 2011. The Private Finance Initiative: Why value for money remains elusive. Public Private Partnerships: CIB TG72/ARCOM 2011 Doctoral Research Workshop. University of Central Lancashire, United Kingdom 12 - 12 Oct 2011 School of Built and Natural Environment, University of Central Lancashire.