Manufacture and performance of lightweight aggregate from waste drill cuttings

Article


Ayati, B., Molineux, C., Newport, D. and Cheeseman, Christopher 2018. Manufacture and performance of lightweight aggregate from waste drill cuttings. Journal of Cleaner Production. 208, pp. 252-260.
AuthorsAyati, B., Molineux, C., Newport, D. and Cheeseman, Christopher
Abstract

This research investigated the technical feasibility of transforming waste drill cuttings into lightweight aggregate. Drill cuttings produced from the North Sea oil field were dried, ball milled, formed into pellets and fired at temperatures between 1160 and 1190 °C. Physical properties of the manufactured lightweight aggregate, including particle density, water absorption and compressive strength, were determined. The drill cuttings had a typical evaporite composition containing high concentrations of chloride salts. This limits the potential for using the as-received drill cutting samples in lightweight aggregate production as the products formed show high levels of leaching. The addition of a washing pre-treatment to reduce the leaching of chloride ions was necessary. Washing also reduced the initial sintering temperature and improved lightweight aggregate properties. Sintering at 1180 °C produced lightweight aggregate with particle density of 1.29 g/cm³, water absorption of 3.6% and compressive strengths of 4.4 MPa. The research showed that lightweight aggregate manufacturing represents a resource efficient option for the reuse of waste drill cuttings and provides significant material saving and landfill diversion.

JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Journal citation208, pp. 252-260
ISSN0959-6526
Year2018
PublisherElsevier
Accepted author manuscript
License
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.10.134
Web address (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.10.134
Publication dates
Online12 Oct 2018
Publication process dates
Deposited17 Oct 2018
Accepted11 Oct 2018
Accepted11 Oct 2018
FunderUniversity of East London
University of East London
Copyright information© 2018 Elsevier
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