Using recycled aggregates in green roof substrates for plant diversity

Article


Molineux, C., Gange, Alan C., Connop, S. and Newport, D. 2015. Using recycled aggregates in green roof substrates for plant diversity. Ecological Engineering. 82 (Sep.), pp. 596-604.
AuthorsMolineux, C., Gange, Alan C., Connop, S. and Newport, D.
Abstract

Extensive green roofs are becoming a popular tool for restoring green infrastructure in urban areas, particularly biodiverse habitats such as post-industrial/brownfield sites. This study investigated the use of six recycled lightweight aggregates and combinations of them in green roof growing substrate, to determine their effectiveness for enhancing plant abundance and species diversity. In two separate experiments, we examined the roles of substrate type and depth on the establishment of a perennial wildflower mix over a 15-month period. We found that some of the alternative substrates are comparable to the widely used crushed red brick aggregate (predominantly found in commercial green roof growing substrate) for supporting plant establishment. For some materials such as clay pellets, there was increased plant coverage and a higher number of plant species than in any other substrate. Substrates that were produced from a blend of two or three aggregate types also supported higher plant abundance and diversity. Generally, increasing substrate depth improved plant establishment, however this effect was not consistent across substrates. We conclude that recycled materials may be viable constituents of growing substrate for green roofs and they may improve green roof resilience, through increased plant cover and diversity. The results could provide evidence to support the construction of mosaic habitat types on single roofs using various substrate blends.

JournalEcological Engineering
Journal citation82 (Sep.), pp. 596-604
ISSN0925-8574
Year2015
PublisherElsevier
Accepted author manuscript
License
CC BY-NC-ND
Supplemental file
License
CC BY-NC-ND
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1016/j.ecoleng.2015.05.036
Publication dates
Print15 Jun 2015
Publication process dates
Deposited29 Jul 2015
Accepted27 May 2015
FunderNatural Environment Research Council (NERC)
EU FP7
Natural Environment Research Council
Seventh Framework Programme
Copyright information© 2015 Elsevier
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Hygrothermal performance of wood-hemp insulation in timber frame wall panels with and without a vapour barrier
Latif, Eshrar, Ciupala, A., Tucker, Simon, Wijeyesekera, Devapriya Chitral and Newport, D. 2015. Hygrothermal performance of wood-hemp insulation in timber frame wall panels with and without a vapour barrier. Building and Environment. 92, pp. 122-134.
Manipulating soil microbial communities in extensive green roof substrates
Molineux, C., Connop, S. and Gange, Alan 2014. Manipulating soil microbial communities in extensive green roof substrates. Science of the Total Environment. 493, pp. 632-638.
Are microbial communities in green roof substrates comparable to those in post-industrial sites?—a preliminary study.
Molineux, C., Gange, Alan, Connop, S. and Newport, D. 2015. Are microbial communities in green roof substrates comparable to those in post-industrial sites?—a preliminary study. Urban Ecosystems. 18 (4), pp. 1245-1260.
Barking Riverside Green Roof Experiment: Phase 2
Connop, S. and Nash, Caroline 2014. Barking Riverside Green Roof Experiment: Phase 2. London University of East London.
TURAS Multidisciplinary urban landscape design guidelines: Poplar HARCA - Carradale House
Connop, S., Clough, Jack and Nash, Caroline 2013. TURAS Multidisciplinary urban landscape design guidelines: Poplar HARCA - Carradale House. London University of East London.
TURAS green roof design guidelines: Maximising ecosystem service provision through regional design for biodiversity
Connop, S., Gedge, Dusty, Kadas, Gyongyver, Nash, Caroline, Owczareck, Kinga and Newport, D. 2013. TURAS green roof design guidelines: Maximising ecosystem service provision through regional design for biodiversity. London University of East London.
Transitioning to resilience and sustainability in urban communities
Collier, Marcus J., Nedović-Budić, Zorica, Aerts, Jeroen, Connop, S., Foley, Dermot, Foley, Karen, Newport, D., McQuaid, Siobhán, Slaev, Aleksander and Verburg, Peter 2013. Transitioning to resilience and sustainability in urban communities. Cities.
Thermal conductivity of building materials: an overview of its determination
Latif, E, Rhydwen, G R, Wijeyesekera, D.Chitral, Tucker, Simon, Ciupala, A. and Newport, D. 2011. Thermal conductivity of building materials: an overview of its determination. Advances in Computing and Technology. University of East London, London Jan 2011 London University of East London, School of Architecture Computing and Engineering.
Microsatellite analysis reveals the spatial dynamics of Bombus humilis and Bombus sylvarum
Connop, S. and Steer, Jonathan 2010. Microsatellite analysis reveals the spatial dynamics of Bombus humilis and Bombus sylvarum. Insect Conservation and Diversity. 4 (3), pp. 212-221.
University of East London: the biodiversity evidence‐base
Freeman, Jamie, Lindsay, R., Marr, Melissa and Connop, S. 2010. University of East London: the biodiversity evidence‐base. London University of East London.
Potential for research on hemp insulation in the UK construction sector
Latif, E., Wijeyesekera, D.Chitral, Newport, D. and Tucker, Simon 2010. Potential for research on hemp insulation in the UK construction sector. Proceedings of Advances in Computing and Technology, (AC&T) The School of Computing and Technology 5th Annual Conference, University of East London, pp. 143-150