Preliminary evaluation of a school-based resilience-promoting intervention in a high-risk population: Application of an exploratory two-cohort treatment/control design

Article


Pluess, Michael, Boniwell, Ilona, Hefferon, K. and Tunariu, A. 2017. Preliminary evaluation of a school-based resilience-promoting intervention in a high-risk population: Application of an exploratory two-cohort treatment/control design. PLOS ONE. 12 (5), p. e0177191.
AuthorsPluess, Michael, Boniwell, Ilona, Hefferon, K. and Tunariu, A.
Abstract

Applying innovative methodology, we explored the efficacy of SPARK Resilience Programme––a new universal school-based resilience-promoting programme––regarding effects on depression symptoms and resilience in a high risk population in England. Quantitative and qualitative methods were combined in an exploratory two cohort treatment/control design with one cohort serving as the control group (single assessment) and a subsequent cohort as the treatment group (assessed before and immediately after treatment as well as 6 and 12 months after treatment ended), involving a total of 438 11–13 year old girls, According to analyses, depression symptoms were significantly lower directly after treatment and at 6 months but no longer at 12 months. Resilience scores, on the other hand, were significantly higher in the treatment cohort compared to the year-ahead control cohort at post-treatment and both follow-up assessments. Qualitative results demonstrated beneficial teacher experience overall. The current study provides first evidence for the efficacy of SPARK Resilience Programme. Furthermore, the applied two cohort treatment/control mixed methods design proved helpful for the preliminary testing of a school-based universal intervention programme efficacy in an authentic setting.

JournalPLOS ONE
Journal citation12 (5), p. e0177191
ISSN1932-6203
Year2017
PublisherPublic Library of Science
Publisher's version
License
CC BY
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0177191
Publication dates
Print08 May 2017
Publication process dates
Deposited22 May 2017
Accepted24 Apr 2017
Accepted24 Apr 2017
FunderSwiss National Science Foundation
Swiss National Science Foundation
External resourceS1 Dataset: Data of the current paper is provided in the following SPSS file: MASTERFILE_ALL_DATA_27022017.sav.
Copyright information© 2017 The Authors.
Additional information

Editor: Soraya Seedat, Stellenbosch University, South Africa

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