The Effects of E-Cigarette Visual Appearance on Craving and Withdrawal Symptoms in Abstinent Smokers

Article


Dawkins, L., Munafo, Marcus, Christoforou, Gina, Olumegbon, Naomi and Soar, Kirstie 2015. The Effects of E-Cigarette Visual Appearance on Craving and Withdrawal Symptoms in Abstinent Smokers. Psychology of Addictive Behaviours. 30 (1), pp. 101-105.
AuthorsDawkins, L., Munafo, Marcus, Christoforou, Gina, Olumegbon, Naomi and Soar, Kirstie
Abstract

Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use is becoming increasing popular among smokers and there is a plethora of devices available. Nicotine delivery is clearly important for reducing tobacco craving and withdrawal symptoms, but other sensor-motor aspects of e-cigarettes (such as visual appearance) may contribute to this effect. This study explored whether it is important for an e-cigarette to visually resemble a tobacco cigarette in order to reduce craving and withdrawal symptoms. Sixty-three cigarette smokers (40% female, aged 18-65 years) who were not current e-cigarette users were randomly allocated to take ten 3-second puffs from either a white or a red first generation e-cigarette following overnight abstinence. Current craving (urge to smoke) and nicotine withdrawal symptoms (using the Mood and Physical Symptoms Scale; MPSS) were measured before and ten minutes after use. Linear regression revealed higher craving and withdrawal symptoms in the red versus the white condition but only among those who were e-cigarette naive (craving: B = .76, p = .009; withdrawal symptoms: B = 2.18, p = 0.009), not among those with e-cigarette experience (craving: B = -.08, p = 0.89; withdrawal symptoms: B = .24, p = .81), and these effects differed between groups (p = 0.04 and 0.01 for craving and withdrawal symptoms respectively). To conclude, cigarette-like appearance was associated with lower craving and withdrawal symptoms but only for those with no prior e-cigarette experience. This effect, putatively mediated via classical conditioning or expectancies, may aid understanding of smokers’ initial preferences for ‘cigalike’ e-cigarette devices.

JournalPsychology of Addictive Behaviours
Journal citation30 (1), pp. 101-105
ISSN0893-164X
Year2015
PublisherAmerican Psychological Association
Accepted author manuscript
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1037/adb0000112
Publication dates
Print28 Sep 2015
Publication process dates
Deposited06 Jul 2015
Accepted19 Jun 2015
Copyright information© 2015 APA This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record.
Permalink -

https://repository.uel.ac.uk/item/85484

  • 19
    total views
  • 50
    total downloads
  • 3
    views this month
  • 3
    downloads this month

Related outputs

Self-titration by experienced e-cigarette users: blood nicotine delivery and subjective effects (Study Data)
Dawkins, L., Kimber, C., Doig, Mira, Feyerabend, Colin and Corcoran, O. 2018. Self-titration by experienced e-cigarette users: blood nicotine delivery and subjective effects (Study Data). The University of East London. doi:10.15123/DATA.00000223
Alcohol gel ingestion amongst homeless Eastern and Central Europeans in London: assessing the effects on cognitive functioning and psychological health
Soar, K., Papaioannou, G. and Dawkins, L. 2016. Alcohol gel ingestion amongst homeless Eastern and Central Europeans in London: assessing the effects on cognitive functioning and psychological health. Substance Use & Misuse. 51 (10), pp. 1274-1282.
First versus second generation electronic cigarettes: predictors of choice and effects on urge to smoke and withdrawal symptoms
Dawkins, L., Kimber, Catherine, Panwanesarasa, Yasothani and Soar, K. 2014. First versus second generation electronic cigarettes: predictors of choice and effects on urge to smoke and withdrawal symptoms. Addiction. 110 (4), pp. 669-677.
Acute electronic cigarette use: nicotine delivery and subjective effects in regular users
Dawkins, L. and Corcoran, O. 2014. Acute electronic cigarette use: nicotine delivery and subjective effects in regular users. Psychopharmacology. 231 (2), pp. 401-407.
Vaping’ profiles and preferences: an online survey of electronic cigarette users
Dawkins, L. 2013. Vaping’ profiles and preferences: an online survey of electronic cigarette users. UEL Research and Knowledge Exchange Conference 2013. University of East London, London 26 Jun 2013 London University of East London.
‘Vaping’ profiles and preferences: an online survey of electronic cigarette users
Dawkins, L., Turner, J., Roberts, A. and Soar, K. 2013. ‘Vaping’ profiles and preferences: an online survey of electronic cigarette users. Addiction. 108 (6), pp. 1115-1125.
Nicotine derived from the electronic cigarette improves time-based prospective memory in abstinent smokers
Dawkins, L., Turner, J. and Crowe, Eadaoin 2012. Nicotine derived from the electronic cigarette improves time-based prospective memory in abstinent smokers. Psychopharmacology. 227 (3), pp. 377-384.
Investigating the impact of nicotine on executive functions using a novel virtual reality assessment
Jansari, A., Froggatt, Daniel, Edginton, Trudi and Dawkins, L. 2012. Investigating the impact of nicotine on executive functions using a novel virtual reality assessment. Addiction. 108 (5), pp. 977-984.
Water consumption, not expectancies about water consumption, affects cognitive performance in adults
Edmonds, C., Crombie, Rosanna, Baillieux, Haiko, Gardner, Mark R and Dawkins, L. 2013. Water consumption, not expectancies about water consumption, affects cognitive performance in adults. Appetite. 60, pp. 148-153.
Relapse to smoking during unaided cessation: clinical, cognitive, and motivational predictors
Powell, Jane H, Dawkins, L., West, Robert, Powell, John F and Pickering, Alan 2010. Relapse to smoking during unaided cessation: clinical, cognitive, and motivational predictors. Psychopharmacology. 212 (4), pp. 537-549.
The electronic-cigarette: effects on desire to smoke, withdrawal symptoms and cognition
Dawkins, L., Turner, J., Hasna, Surrayyah and Soar, K. 2012. The electronic-cigarette: effects on desire to smoke, withdrawal symptoms and cognition. Addictive Behaviors. 37 (8), pp. 970-973.
Neuropsychological effects associated with recreational cocaine use
Soar, K., Mason, Colette, Potton, A. and Dawkins, L. 2012. Neuropsychological effects associated with recreational cocaine use. Psychopharmacology. 222 (4), pp. 633-643.
The effects of cigarette smoking and abstinence on auditory verbal learning
Soar, K., Dawkins, L., Begum, H. and Parrott, A.C. 2008. The effects of cigarette smoking and abstinence on auditory verbal learning. Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental. 23 (7), pp. 621-627.
Effects of nicotine and alcohol on affective responses to emotionally toned film clips
Dawkins, L. and Powell, J. 2011. Effects of nicotine and alcohol on affective responses to emotionally toned film clips. Psychopharmacology. 216 (2), pp. 197-205.
Expectation of having consumed caffeine can improve performance and mood
Dawkins, L., Shahzad, Fatima-Zahra, Ahmed, Suada S. and Edmonds, C. 2011. Expectation of having consumed caffeine can improve performance and mood. Appetite. 57 (3), pp. 597-600.
Smoking, reward responsiveness, and response inhibition: tests of an incentive motivational model
Powell, Jane H., Dawkins, L. and Davis, Robert E. 2002. Smoking, reward responsiveness, and response inhibition: tests of an incentive motivational model. Biological Psychiatry. 51 (2), pp. 151-163.
Cognitive and psychological correlates of smoking abstinence, and predictors of successful cessation
Powell, Jane H., Pickering, Alan D., Dawkins, L., West, Robert and Powell, John F. 2004. Cognitive and psychological correlates of smoking abstinence, and predictors of successful cessation. Addictive Behaviors. 29 (7), pp. 1407-1426.
Patterns of change in withdrawal symptoms, desire to smoke, reward motivation and response inhibition across 3 months of smoking abstinence
Dawkins, L., Powell, Jane H., Pickering, Alan, Powell, John and West, Robert 2009. Patterns of change in withdrawal symptoms, desire to smoke, reward motivation and response inhibition across 3 months of smoking abstinence. Addiction. 104 (5), pp. 850-858.
A double-blind placebo controlled experimental study of nicotine: I - Effects on incentive motivation
Dawkins, L., Powell, Jane H., West, Robert, Powell, John and Pickering, Alan 2006. A double-blind placebo controlled experimental study of nicotine: I - Effects on incentive motivation. Psychopharmacology. 189 (3), pp. 355-367.
The effects of smoking and abstinence on experience of happiness and sadness in response to positively valenced, negatively valenced, and neutral film clips
Dawkins, L., Acaster, Sarah and Powell, Jane H. 2007. The effects of smoking and abstinence on experience of happiness and sadness in response to positively valenced, negatively valenced, and neutral film clips. Addictive Behaviors. 32 (2), pp. 425-431.
A double-blind placebo controlled experimental study of nicotine: II - Effects on response inhibition and executive functioning
Dawkins, L., Powell, Jane H., West, Robert, Powell, John and Pickering, Alan 2007. A double-blind placebo controlled experimental study of nicotine: II - Effects on response inhibition and executive functioning. Psychopharmacology. 190 (4), pp. 457-467.