Regret is what you get: the effects of manipulating anticipated affect and time perspective on risky single-occasion drinking

Article


Murgraff, Vered, Mcdermott, M., White, David and Phillips, Keith 1999. Regret is what you get: the effects of manipulating anticipated affect and time perspective on risky single-occasion drinking. Alcohol & Alcoholism. 34 (4), pp. 590-600.
AuthorsMurgraff, Vered, Mcdermott, M., White, David and Phillips, Keith
Abstract

This study tested anticipated affect as a potential strategy for reducing risky single-occasion drinking (RSOD). The hypothesis was that asking respondents to focus on their anticipated affect following RSOD would lead to higher ratings of negative affect than those obtained when asking respondents to focus on their feelings towards RSOD. In turn, these negative affect ratings were hypothesized as leading to safer behavioural estimates and reductions in RSOD. The study is based on a self-report questionnaire administered at two time points. At Time 1, measures of past drinking and demographic information were collected, along with affect ratings of drinking within safer single-occasion limits and affect ratings of RSOD (within-subjects condition). Time perspective was manipulated whereby the experimental group was asked to focus on affective reactions after RSOD and the control group to focus on affective reactions towards RSOD (between-subjects condition). Two weeks later, drinking behaviour was measured. The findings showed that the time perspective manipulation resulted in significantly higher negative affect ratings in the feeling after condition than in the feeling towards condition. Further, females reported lower negative affect than males. No other main or interaction effects were found. The time perspective manipulation, however, failed to produce safer behavioural estimates and RSOD reduction at follow-up. No significant differences were found between ratings of negative affect when drinking within safe limits as compared with ratings of affect when drinking above such limits. Despite greater negative affect 'after' rather than 'toward' the target behaviour, anticipated affect following RSOD did not yield safer behavioural estimates and subsequent drinking reduction at follow-up. These findings are interpreted in the context of risk perception associated with RSOD. The implications of this study for design of interventions aimed at reducing RSOD are discussed. In particular, ways of intensifying negative affect for RSOD are considered.

KeywordsAlcohol Drinking psychology; Follow-Up Studies; Risk Assessment; Self-Assessment; Sex Factors; Female drinking
JournalAlcohol & Alcoholism
Journal citation34 (4), pp. 590-600
ISSN0735-0414
Year1999
Publisher's version
License
CC BY-ND
Web address (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/alcalc/34.4.590
http://hdl.handle.net/10552/1116
Publication dates
PrintJul 1999
Publication process dates
Deposited17 Dec 2010
Additional information

Citation:
Murgraff, V. et al. (1999) 'Regret is what you get: the effects of manipulating anticipated affect and time perspective on risky single-occasion drinking' Alcohol and Alcoholism 34 (4) pp.590-600..

Permalink -

https://repository.uel.ac.uk/item/86q2y

  • 10
    total views
  • 28
    total downloads
  • 4
    views this month
  • 11
    downloads this month

Related outputs

Development and validation of the multi-dimensional questionnaire of scientifically unsubstantiated beliefs
Stone, A., Mcdermott, M., Abdi, Aishi, Cornwell, Brittanie, Matyas, Zsofia, Reed, Ruby and Watt, Rebecca 2018. Development and validation of the multi-dimensional questionnaire of scientifically unsubstantiated beliefs. Personality and Individual Differences. 128, pp. 146-156.
Modelling Everyday Understandings of Mortality: A Qualitative Enquiry
McEwan, Oona, Mcdermott, M. and Hefferon, Kate 2018. Modelling Everyday Understandings of Mortality: A Qualitative Enquiry. Journal of Humanistic Psychology.
An evaluation of the efficacy of physical activity interventions in an east London and an Essex borough: Active Sport for Life, exercise & gym-swim.
Mcdermott, M. and Meha, Ardiana 2017. An evaluation of the efficacy of physical activity interventions in an east London and an Essex borough: Active Sport for Life, exercise & gym-swim. University of East London and London Borough of Barking and Dagenham.
The Multidimensional Mortality Awareness Measure and Model: Development and Validation of a New Self-Report Questionnaire and Psychological Framework
Levasseur, Oona, Mcdermott, M. and Lafreniere, Kathryn D. 2015. The Multidimensional Mortality Awareness Measure and Model: Development and Validation of a New Self-Report Questionnaire and Psychological Framework. Omega: Journal of Death and Dying. 70 (3), pp. 317-341.
Evaluating the effects of six alcohol-related message frames on emotions and intentions: The neglected role of disgust
Collymore, Natalie N. and Mcdermott, M. 2015. Evaluating the effects of six alcohol-related message frames on emotions and intentions: The neglected role of disgust. Journal of Health Psychology. 21 (9), pp. 1907-1917.
Comparing the Psychological Effects of Different Psychiatric Labels: Borderline, Paranoid, and Antisocial Personality Disorder; Major Depression; Anxiety Disorder; and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
Celaire, Sarah and Mcdermott, M. 2015. Comparing the Psychological Effects of Different Psychiatric Labels: Borderline, Paranoid, and Antisocial Personality Disorder; Major Depression; Anxiety Disorder; and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Ethical Human Psychology and Psychiatry. 17 (1), pp. 33-44.
Measuring and predicting mental health literacy for depression
Swannell, Emily J. and Mcdermott, M. 2015. Measuring and predicting mental health literacy for depression. International Journal of Mental Health Promotion. 17 (5), pp. 293-311.
An Empirical Evaluation of the Reversal Theory State Measure Using Three Running Brand Video Commercials
Watkins, Leo, Wilson, Marcia, Mcdermott, M. and Buscombe, R. 2016. An Empirical Evaluation of the Reversal Theory State Measure Using Three Running Brand Video Commercials. Journal of Motivation, Emotion, and Personality. 5, pp. 27-36.
An Empirical Evaluation of the Reversal Theory State Measure: Tracking Changes in the Experience of Video Commercials of Three Leading Running Brands
Watkins, Leo, Wilson, Marcia, Mcdermott, M. and Buscombe, R. 2015. An Empirical Evaluation of the Reversal Theory State Measure: Tracking Changes in the Experience of Video Commercials of Three Leading Running Brands. in: 17th International Reversal Theory Conference Programme and Abstracts The Reversal Theory Society. pp. 16
Does It Matter What You Call It? Lay Beliefs for Overcoming Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Myalgic Encephalomyelitis, and Post-Viral Fatigue Syndrome
Mcdermott, M., Bendle, Chris, Griffin, Murray and Furnham, Adrian 2016. Does It Matter What You Call It? Lay Beliefs for Overcoming Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Myalgic Encephalomyelitis, and Post-Viral Fatigue Syndrome. Ethical Human Psychology and Psychiatry. 18 (2), pp. 150-162.
Developmental Antecedents of Proactive and Reactive Rebelliousness: The Role of Parenting Style, Childhood Adversity, and Attachment
Mcdermott, M. and Barik, N. 2014. Developmental Antecedents of Proactive and Reactive Rebelliousness: The Role of Parenting Style, Childhood Adversity, and Attachment. Journal of Motivation, Emotion, and Personality: Reversal Theory Studies. 2 (1), pp. 22-31.
Rebelliousness and attachment difficulties as legacies of parental neglect in childhood
Mcdermott, M. 2013. Rebelliousness and attachment difficulties as legacies of parental neglect in childhood. UEL Research and Knowledge Exchange Conference 2013. University of East London, London 26 Jun 2013 London University of East London.
A project to assist Family Actions's Building Bridges practitioners with the use of the Index of Family Relations as an outcome measurement: final report
Harden, A., Lloyd-Reichling, E., Mcdermott, M., Potter, Sylvia and Sayeed, Zahirun 2009. A project to assist Family Actions's Building Bridges practitioners with the use of the Index of Family Relations as an outcome measurement: final report. London University of East London.
The story of Daniel
Mcdermott, M. 1986. The story of Daniel. New Society.
Exploring attitude and belief correlates of adhering to the new guidelines for low-risk single-occasion drinking: an application of the theory of planned behaviour
Murgraff, Vered, Mcdermott, M. and Walsh, J. 2001. Exploring attitude and belief correlates of adhering to the new guidelines for low-risk single-occasion drinking: an application of the theory of planned behaviour. Alcohol & Alcoholism. 36 (2), pp. 135-140.
Reducing Friday alcohol consumption among moderate, women drinkers: evaluation of a brief evidence-based intervention
Murgraff, Vered, Abraham, Charles and Mcdermott, M. 2007. Reducing Friday alcohol consumption among moderate, women drinkers: evaluation of a brief evidence-based intervention. Alcohol & Alcoholism. 42 (1), pp. 37-41.
A project to assist Family Action’s Building Bridges practitioners with the use of the Index of Family Relations as an outcome measurement (Final Report).
Harden, A., Lloyd-Reichling, E., Mcdermott, M., Potter, Sylvia and Sayeed, Zahirun 2009. A project to assist Family Action’s Building Bridges practitioners with the use of the Index of Family Relations as an outcome measurement (Final Report). Family Action, Institute of Health and Human Development and CASS School of Education, University of East London.
BBC Television ‘The Experiment’ – report of the independent ethics panel
Mcdermott, M., Öpik, Lembit, Smith, Stephen, Taylor, Steve and Wills, Andrea 2002. BBC Television ‘The Experiment’ – report of the independent ethics panel.
Tackling teenage obesity: literature review and project proposal
Mcdermott, M. and Potton, A. 2008. Tackling teenage obesity: literature review and project proposal. Desk research report for the Barking and Dagenham Primary Care Trust, London School of Psychology, University of East London.