Regret is what you get: the effects of manipulating anticipated affect and time perspective on risky single-occasion drinking
Murgraff, Vered, Mcdermott, M., White, David and Phillips, Keith 1999. Regret is what you get: the effects of manipulating anticipated affect and time perspective on risky single-occasion drinking. Alcohol & Alcoholism. 34 (4), pp. 590-600.
|Authors||Murgraff, Vered, Mcdermott, M., White, David and Phillips, Keith|
This study tested anticipated affect as a potential strategy for reducing risky single-occasion drinking (RSOD). The hypothesis was that asking respondents to focus on their anticipated affect following RSOD would lead to higher ratings of negative affect than those obtained when asking respondents to focus on their feelings towards RSOD. In turn, these negative affect ratings were hypothesized as leading to safer behavioural estimates and reductions in RSOD. The study is based on a self-report questionnaire administered at two time points. At Time 1, measures of past drinking and demographic information were collected, along with affect ratings of drinking within safer single-occasion limits and affect ratings of RSOD (within-subjects condition). Time perspective was manipulated whereby the experimental group was asked to focus on affective reactions after RSOD and the control group to focus on affective reactions towards RSOD (between-subjects condition). Two weeks later, drinking behaviour was measured. The findings showed that the time perspective manipulation resulted in significantly higher negative affect ratings in the feeling after condition than in the feeling towards condition. Further, females reported lower negative affect than males. No other main or interaction effects were found. The time perspective manipulation, however, failed to produce safer behavioural estimates and RSOD reduction at follow-up. No significant differences were found between ratings of negative affect when drinking within safe limits as compared with ratings of affect when drinking above such limits. Despite greater negative affect 'after' rather than 'toward' the target behaviour, anticipated affect following RSOD did not yield safer behavioural estimates and subsequent drinking reduction at follow-up. These findings are interpreted in the context of risk perception associated with RSOD. The implications of this study for design of interventions aimed at reducing RSOD are discussed. In particular, ways of intensifying negative affect for RSOD are considered.
|Keywords||Alcohol Drinking psychology; Follow-Up Studies; Risk Assessment; Self-Assessment; Sex Factors; Female drinking|
|Journal||Alcohol & Alcoholism|
|Journal citation||34 (4), pp. 590-600|
|Web address (URL)||http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/alcalc/34.4.590|
|Publication process dates|
|Deposited||17 Dec 2010|
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